The Role of Rural Migration in Nonformal Habitat (Case Study: Ahvaz Metropolis)



In this paper we tried to analyze the relationship between migration, informal settlement, and unemployment in Ahvaz as the regional metropolis of Khuzestan state. Unemployment and Migration interaction effect with each other. Because on the one hand unequal distribution facilities and services leads to unemployment and job for people, The other hand, mass unemployment in section of the workforce, to pressure has forced them to minimum life having left their homeland and migration to cities to finding works. After that, the migration to cities, the slums for poor rural immigrants are first cheap and small area in cities, and there they are begun for search around the same area for job. In fact the major portions of the slums are around the industrial areas and neighborhood commercial environment are encountering. The Research showed Any Activity of custom in the local industrial is more; the numbers of slums also the place will be more. Ahvaz as the seventh of the Metropolis of the 2006 census, shaped by base of migration formed, and its life beholden Host migration. Due to implement land reform policy in the decade 1961, increased price of oil and replete the oil dollars in urban center, especially in Ahvaz, the trend of immigration process and especially the rural migration to the city and this increased in various consequences for the Metropolis region, such as Ahvaz has had. The consequences due to immigration to the city of Ahvaz noted, informal settlement can expand, increasing social crimes, expanding unemployment, without planning and development arranging pressure on the infrastructure of city services, etc.
development arranging pressure on the infrastructure of city services, etc.
Research Methodology

The methodology of this paper is composed of empirical, analytical and attributive methods. The statistical population in current study was people who live in the suburb of Ahvaz city. We chose 385 families from 120000 people based on Cochran formula. We used inferential statistics so on Pierson, Friedman, analysis of variance, and linear regression and Z method.
Discussion and results

Discussion of Ahvaz immigration as a topic is considered important population and the future fate of the city depends on the immigration process. Unequal of Development of Ahwaz, depended to Immigration, and its connection with the incoming, Immigration transplantation and also in connection with the establishment of heavy industries in this city. Since the trend of rural migration to the city, during the past decade intensity and continued this trend continues, so appears to be program should be developed to suitable of situations and conditions of social and cultural condition. Therefore, in order to prevent the adverse consequences of social, cultural and ecological migration problem are suggest the following strategies:
- Use the system hierarchy and habitat planning program in balanced distribution services and facilities in Khuzestan province, the extraordinary concentration of industries and services in some urban areas and therefore the size of population density will prevent them.
- To highlight the role of small and medium cities of Khuzestan province through knowledge and capacity of Ahvaz, and determine its natural, economic, social, and environmental fundamentals, and planning to prevent the migration throughout rural and small cities to Ahvaz metropolis.
- Preventing focus investment on a pole provinces and urban and industrial areas by program planning, Index, development and increase small and medium cities of Khuzestan province. The density of immigrants, which would reduce the city of Ahvaz and population distribution in the province, will more balance.
- The link between agriculture and industry by planning in establishing those industries and some factory that their production activities related to environmental resources and capability area is recommended. It is a way that their raw materials, while providing increased employment within the region in beside.


The results of this research show that between unemployment and immigration in Ahwaz procedures significant relationship to the city there is significant. It was found that the migration of Ahvaz city is an important population factor and future fate of city is depend on the process of migrations, So that the physical and population irregular extension of Ahvaz as the metropolis of Khuzestan state is related to the migration and the migration is related to settlement of industries. This study based on a regression model, anticipated that unemployment population of Ahvaz (as a metropolis) will be 89116 in 2016. And it is necessarily considerable to pay attention to the migration in future planning. Finally, for the sake of prevent of ecological, social etc, undesirable consequences of migration to Ahvaz as a regional metropolis of Khuzestan state proposed some strategies.