In this paper the authors study the relationship between Rural Good Governance Approach and Sustainability of 50 Rural regions at Mazandaran Province. According to the documentary studies, for Good Governance it is necessary to achieve sustainable humane development in a realm of an area so that the process of correct and logical relationship between governors and citizenships leads to Good Governance which its purposes are as follows: improving the general well-being, paying attention to the desirable human lives, and meeting. The needs of rural residents, and supporting the basic laws and citizenship liberty in all places and times. Following of the mentioned attitude, Rural Good Governance includes effective processes in all key rural organs related rural management with all of the mechanisms which load to rural development. With regard to the above description, the extend of Rural Good Governance approach entails that people and rural societies in civil institutions organize to the social small networks for using their potential abilities, aptitudes and creativities and managing them well to days.managing them well to days.
managing them well to days.
The methodology of this paper is based on library and survey studies. Three fore, its method is applicable, exploratory and descriptive – analysis. The statistical society of this research contains 50 rural more than 20 households of Behshahr, Chalus and Amol cities that has been divided to 3 groups containing plain lands, mountainous and semi-mountainous Ones. This division is according to the variables such as the number of households the population, distance from the nearest main city, and factors such as having guide plan, civil institutions, etc. The proposed indexes for Rural Good Governance contain: Participation, Responsibility, Accountability, Consensus Oriented, Equity, and Transparency, Rule of Law, Effectiveness and Efficiency, etc. The proposed indexes for sustainability are Environmental, Social and Economical ones. The obtained information have been entered SPSS software and analyzed through The statistical tests, such as Correlation Coefficient, One Sample T test, Multivariable Regression, and so on.The proposed indexes for Rural Good Governance contain: Participation, Responsibility, Accountability, Consensus Oriented, Equity, and Transparency, Rule of Law, Effectiveness and Efficiency, etc. The proposed indexes for sustainability are Environmental, Social and Economical ones. The obtained information have been entered SPSS software and analyzed through The statistical tests, such as Correlation Coefficient, One Sample T test, Multivariable Regression, and so on.
Rural Governance position and Sustainability 0f rural studied regions have been determined by production of 3 maps for every rural region at the studied cities. Based on the study, 58 percent of the studied rural are unsustainable, 24 percent are semi – sustainable and 18 percent are sustainable. In other words, 48 percent of the studied rural have weak Governances, 30 percent have average ones, and 22 percent have Good Governances. The results obtained from the research findings indicate that the most rural which have weak rural governance are in a semi–sustainable or unsustainable position. The results obtained from the Pearson correlation test between two variables like rural good governance and sustainability of rural indicate that there is a significance relationship in 95% level between these 2 variables (sig = 0/000) and significance coefficient is 56%. The result of one – sample T test has also accepted the significant relationship between the 2 above variables. In spite of that, survey studies show that rural good governance in a sustainable developed system form a developed approach which focus on multi level decentralization planning system and follow to achieve to the balanced pattern of the space development in network strategic framework. In addition, the finding results of this research show that rural people in a passive position change active position and be responsible in rural good governance and act as the responsible dynamic actors.
The result obtained from this research indicates that rural sustainable development extremely obeys the pattern of rural good governance. Moving from the East to the West of rural areas in Mazandaran Province, the rural governance position is being improved; therefore, the sustainability level of rural will increase too. There fore it is observed that the more increase the curve of rural good governance from the West to East, the more increases the curve of sustainability. In other words, if rural increase rural participants in projections and decisions and rural people share their fate determination, the level of sustainability will also increase. In this situation, the process of empowerment and capacity promotion of rural people for selection, the right of fate determination and life wellbeing, promote of people and locality organizations and institutions