The Role of Tourism on Rural Economy Case Study: Banzarde Rural district in Dalaho city

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Prof., Dep. of Geography& Urban Planning, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

2 M.A. of Geography & Urban Planning, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

3 Graduate student of Geography and Rural Planning, shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

4 M.A Student of Geography and Rural Planning, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz


Extended Abstract
Tourism development is important for economic growth in rural areas because it
constitutes take into account a driving force for economic development. So in rural
areas that have potential to attract tourists can be helped to economic growth
through appropriate investment in tourism. Tourism development in rural areas can
have an important role in the diversification of the rural economy and can be
underlie the sustainable rural development. Thus, rural tourism can the
empowerment of local people and human resource development, economic
diversification and growth, creating jobs, solving unemployment, raise living
standards through the provision of social services and bridging the gap between
urban and rural areas in different fields and should have a major role reduce rural
migration to large cities. Banzarde rural as valuable tourism resources such as
natural, historical and pilgrimage can play important role in the economy. The aim
of present study has been investigate the role of tourism activities on the economy of
the Banzarde rural. This theoretical – practical research has been carried out with a
descriptive-analytical method. In order to evaluate the role of tourism in the
economy Banzarde views of residents in the study area has been used different 
variables such as income, employment, land prices and the status of the investment.
The information needed to conduct this research was collected by the application of
survey and library method. The survey was used questionnaire. The statistical
population of research included residential of Banzarde and these cases were
randomly chosen among 13 rural. Random stratified sampling method has been used
in this study. Therefore, the sample size that calculated by using 'Cochran' formula is
370 persons. Then, the number of questionnaires in each of the 13 rural under the
study was distributed in proportion to population size.
In order to investigate the validity were used tourism experts. The reliability of the
pre-test was approved (completed preliminary questionnaire to 30 randomly between
residents and the alpha value of 0.93). The data and information were analyzed by
using SPSS and EXCEL. In this research in order to obtain and assess residents'
attitudes toward the chosen criteria were used statistical tests such as mean
responses, One-sample T-test and coefficient Pearson.
Discussion and Results
The findings showed that views of residents in the study area, tourism activities has
more role in the components of income and employment and also economic status in
Banzarde rural. For example variables such as the increase of average income of
residents, use of luxury goods and reduce poverty feel in the region with tourists,
above average and variable increase in purchasing power with the arrival of tourists
lower than average. Also have evaluated status indicators of employment
components associated with higher than average. Survey responses indicate that the
average variable increases in land prices and changes in land use is higher than
average. Also state variables related to the investment in the study area is suitable.
So that the average obtained for the index has been above average. This indicates
that the impact of tourism activities in the study area is attracting investment.
Generally, The findings showed that tourism activities in the Banzarde rural from
the perspective of the residents of the study area, is affected state of all variables 
such as income, employment, land prices and investment status. In order to detection
and awareness of the relationship between selected indicators and the economic
status of the study area were used coefficient Pearson. Findings showed that
indicators of income, employment and investment, has a positive and significant
relationship but variable of income has negative and significant relationship with
economic status of the study area. Based on the results, Banzarde rural as well as a
valuable tourism resources such as natural, historical and pilgrimage resources can
increase ability to attract tourists to the area through appropriate investment in
building facilities and equipment including sports tourism, infrastructure, hospitality
and transportation and has helped regional economic growth and development. It is
also provided possible to obtain additional revenues by providing jobs in other
sectors such as building, repairs, supplies and car hire. Also by creating jobs and
reducing ununemployment in the correct pattern and create sustainable employment capacity.