Analysis of Rural Area Resilience Against Earthquake; Case Study: Shirvan District (Boroujerd County)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geographic Sciences and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

2 PhD Candidate, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geographic Sciences and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.


Earthquake is one of the natural disasters that cause irreparable damages to human settlements. Therefore, in order to reduce its impact, the resilience approach has been proposed. It is believed that by having the knowledge of resiliency and proper planning, the damaging effects of such natural disasters can be reduced significantly. Thus, in this descriptive-analytic study, we identify and analyze the resiliency of villages in the district of Shirvan against earthquakes. In order to collect the required data, both documentary and field (questionnaire) methods were employed. Questionnaires were used to collect data in nine villages, and statistical methods were used to analyze the collected data. The analysis units were the heads of households living in sample villages. Based on Cochran’s method, 260 administrators were randomly selected. The results showed that the resiliency condition against earthquakes in the sample villages was lower than the average level; however, there was a significant difference in the resiliency levels among the sample villages. In addition, among the economic, social, infrastructural, and social capital aspects in rural areas, the social capital was found to have the most contribution and effect on the resilience of rural settlements.


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