A Study of the Relationship Between Poverty and Social Capital: A Case Study From Sistan and Baluchestan Border Settlements

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanity & Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.

2 PhD Candidate, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geographical Sciences and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

3 MA, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geographical Sciences and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

4 MA, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.


Settlements located in border areas, especially rural areas, are in lower level of social capital. Poverty is one of the key contributing factors for this. The aim of this research was to explore the relationship between poverty and social capital in the theoretical framework of social depilation. The type of research is descriptive-analytic and correlation. Due to widespread population, 382 households and 136 people of local manager among the three township (Mirjaveh, Saravan and Zahak) were sampled by cochran. The data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed by fuzzy logic (MATLAB software) and SPSS (Statistical package for social sciences). The findings indicate a relatively high degree of correlation between social capital and poverty with a degree (0.628) and (0.602) and a negative impact of poverty on social capital. So that poverty explains 79.2 percent of the social capital, and edit as per unit change in the poverty rate (-0.890) Change will be created in the social capital. Among the indicators of poverty, “culture of poverty” and then “social rejection” have the most influence on social capital. The results indicate that the level social capital in this kind of settlements, strongly is under the influence of poverty. So if perpetuation of poverty, accompanied with the trend of gradual reduction of social capital (trust, participation and social solidarity) continue, it is possible the region in the future faced, the unstable upper, which in that case, control it will be difficult.


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