Identifying and Prioritizing Effective Factors in Creating Rural Enterprises Clusters in Choram Township

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc., Department of Entrepreneurship and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Entrepreneurship and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architectural, Faculty of Engineering, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran.


The main goal of the current study was to identify and prioritize effective factors in creating enterprise clusters in Choram county using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). A descriptive-survey method was used for the study. Statistical population included experts who had field experience in the business clusters in Choram county. Purposeful sampling method was used and finally 44 experts were selected to complete the questionnaires. The instrument used for collecting data was structured interview using Al Saati nine order professional questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was determined by the expert opinions of the university professors and experts. The reliability of the questionnaire was assured by considering incompatibility of decision matrices due to the judgment of each respondent. The statistical software, SPSS 23 and Expert Choice 11 were used for analyzing data. According to considered criteria in this research, economic factor was the most important factor and infrastructure factor was the least important criterion for creating business clusters in Choram County.


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