Multiplicity, Rurality, and Gender Identity in Agriculture (Case Study: Ghooshkhaneh District, Shirvan County)

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Sciences‌, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.


Several studies in recent years have a consensus that global development on the agricultural economy and multifunctional activities on gender relations in rural areas needs to have a balance. With this image in mind, some studies still do believe that rural women represent the identity of its own tradition as well as of the local communities. In fact, we are dealing with multiple gender identities based on diverse environment in rural areas. The empirical study on women reflects different identities and complex aspects related to it in 30 rural settlements in Shirvan County. Qualitative study based on extensive measures in the area was on the agenda: Understanding the diverse social events for extracting global and national dialogue, exchange of information with 90 local women through semi-structured interviews and the principles contained in Q methodology for the extraction of local discourse and the continuing involvement of the situation and natural entities in the women’s identity changes. The findings reveal different status of Ghooshkhaneh women in patriarchal discourse as the first factor and family farms discourse as second factor; Something that despite agricultural economy global developments and multifunctionality, An expression of former continuing the tradition of gender relations in the minds of people. Women work also associated more whit family internal mechanisms until the outside trends. While, natural and local factors has not been influence also in forcing Ghooshkhaneh women.


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