Spatial analysis of differences in urban and rural areas in terms resilience against spontaneous phenomena (Case study: city Poldokhtar)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran

2 Ph.D. student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran

3 Ph.D. student at urban climatology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


Governments are pursuing a variety of strategies to reduce the impact of hazards. The most important of these solutions, which have so far been neglected, is identifying the different communities from the standpoint of resilience to risk, and adopting an appropriate strategy for each of them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the difference between urban and rural communities in terms of accelerating the naturalization. The present research is a combination (qualitative and quantitative) of purpose, applied and method of doing it. The data-gathering tool was a questionnaire, interview, and yearly journal of Lorestan province. The statistical population is urban and rural villages of Poldokhtar township (N= 30012). Using Cochran formula, 379 households (244 households and 135 rural households) were selected. Data analysis was performed using variance analysis, logistic regression model and geographic information system (GIS) for spatial analysis of indices. The results showed that there is a significant difference between functional factors in urban and rural areas. Resilience in urban areas is primarily affected by economic capital. While social capital is the most important factor in resilience in rural areas. There are also significant spatial changes in resilient indices in rural areas. Therefore, in order to increase the resilience of societies against risks, for each of them, an appropriate strategy should be taken into account with regard to local capacities.


Main Subjects

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