Explanation of a Rural Tourism System Model by Using the Chaos Theory and the Butler Model: A Case Study of Mesr Village, Khur-biabank County

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Prof. Faculty of geographical sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor. Faculty of geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistance. Faculty of geographical sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

4 Ph.D of geography and rural planning. Faculty of geographical sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


Because of the great friability of ecologic-social systems in desert regions, planning for tourism development and use of its capabilities for rural development need an explanation of rural tourism systems. Mesr village is one of the most important rural tourist regions in Khur-biabank county that, in recent years, has experienced tourism activities development and its changes. This paper aims to recognize a tourism system development model in the village and explain it by approaches and theories related to the development of tourist destinations. For this purpose, qualitative data are prepared through interviews, conversations and surveying observations as well as using theoretical foundations, effective variables, processes and structures in the rural tourism system of Mesr village. After the system is recognized, a model is presented to explain the tourism system development processes. The results of the model show that effective introduction of tourism in the region attracts more visitors, for which the important role of entrepreneurs should be stressed. This role can be played in increasing the number of tourists in an organized manner, increasing the local participation, reduction of migration and so on. In another part of the study, the conformity degree of the model is enquired with chaos and tourism life cycle theories. The system being compatible with and based on the tourism life cycle theory, Mesr is found to be in a satisfactory development stage. Also, it appears that the creative destruction in the chaos theory is compatible with the satisfaction and development stage in the tourism life cycle theory.


Main Subjects

Aboalhasani, F., Kiani, S., Mousavi, M. (2012). determining tourism development strategies in desert regions (case study: desert county of Khur-biabanak). landuse planning, 4 (2), 141-161
Aligholi zadeh Firouzjaei, N., Ramazan zadeh lesboui, M., Esmaeili, M. (2014). Measure of community attitude and trend to tourism development in desert rural regions (case study: rural area in Khur-biabanak county). geographical researches in desert regions, 5 (18), 37-53
Bayat, N., Badri, S., Rezvani, M., Faraji sabokbar, H. (2013). Rural tourism researches in Iran: documental analysis from Persian published articles. planning and tourism development, 2 (6), 128-109
Barr, T. (1990). From quirky islanders to entrepreneurial magnates: the transition of the Whitsundays. Journal of tourism studies, 1 (2), 26-32
Beeton, S. (2006). Community development thorough tourism. published by land links
Butler, R.W. (1980). The concept of a tourism area cycle of evolution: implications for management of resources, Canadian Geographer, 24, 5–12
Butler, R.W. (2006). The tourism area life cycle. Vol 2, channel view publication
Eshraghi, M., Toriman, M. E., Ahmad, H. (2010). Sustainable ecotourism in desert in Iran. potentialand issue, jurnal e-bangi, 5 (1), 38-51
Georgantzas, C. N. (2003). Tourism dynamics: Cyprus hotel value chain and profitability. System Dynamics Review, 19 (3)
Ghaheri, A., Ghorbani, M., Del afrouz, H., Malekani, L. (2012), river stream assessment by chaos theory. research of Iran’s water, 6 ( 10), 117-129
Gleick, J. (1993). nonlinear systems. Web Publication by Mountain Man Graphics, Australia
Hall, H. (2011). Borrowed theory: applying exchange theories in information science research. Library & Information Science Research; 25 (3), 287–306
Hwang, J., Lee, S. (2015). The effect of the rural tourism policy on non-farm income in South Korea. Tourism Management, 46, 501-51
Iman, M.T., Noshadi, M.R. (2011). Qualitative content analysis. research, 3 ( 2), 15-44
Karam, A. (2012). Chaos theory, fractal and non-linear systems in geomorphology. narural geography, 3 (8), 68-82
Khani, F., Khosravi mehr, H., Tourani, A. (2014). Measuring of rural tourism capabilities based on elimination economic challenges, case study: Ghaleh ghafeh village, Minoudasht county, rural researches. 5 (1), 191-212
Mahmoudabadi, A., Seyedhosseini, S. (2012). Application of Chaos Theory in Hazardous Material Transportation, International Journal of Transportation Engineering, 1 (1), 15-23
Moshiri, S. (2002). Review in chaos theory and its applications in economy. economic researches in Iran, 12, 49-71
Postma, A. (2008). Critical impacts of tourism multiple case studies. stenden university
Rezvani, M., Jafari moghadam, S., Rahimov, H. (2012). Tourism impact on raising entrepreneur ideas in rural regions (case study: comparison Abr and Abarsanj villages – Shahrood county). rural researches, 5 (2), 153-174
Rogers, D. (1978). Industrialization, Income Benefits and the Rural Community. Rural Sociology, 43 (3), 250-265
Russel, R., Faulkner, B. (2004). entrepreneurship, chaos and the tourism area life cycle, annals of tourism research
Tabrizi, M. (2014). Qualitative content analysis from approximate approach perspective. social sciences, 64, 105-113
Tinsley, R., Lynch, P. (2001). Small tourism business networks and destination development. international journal of hospitality management, 20, 367-378
Vosoughi, L. (2011). assessment rural society attitude about tourism based on structural equations (case study: Roudbar Ghasran mountain regions shemiran county). rural researches, 2 (4), 63-88
Ziaei, M., Hassanpour, M. (2013). strategic area determining of destination development by using theory and applied adaption of life cycle models and Doxy resentful index, case: Mesr, Farahzad, Mohammad abad koreh gaz, Abouzeid, Band rig and eish, rig jen, Jandagh. geography and urban planning, 9, 15-28