Deep Delving Into the Meaning of ‘Native House’ Through a Phenomenological Method:A Case Study of Rural Houses in Mokrian Area, Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Researcher, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Science, Faculty of Humanities, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran.


The present study aims to qualitatively explore the meaning of the architecture of the native houses in the Mokrian region, Iran, from a phenomenological point of view. The ultimate goal is to catch a clear sight of that architecture so as to discover and reveal the semantics derived from the creation, development and essence of the houses. The approach of the study is phenomenology, and the data analysis is qualitative. It is conducted based on Max van Manen’s theory and the MST method. The researcher attended the study area, scrutinized the architecture of the houses, conducted open and deep interviews, and recorded the accounts given on personal life experiences, heard experiences, and characteristics of residence in that area. From the data obtained, important commentaries, 87 sentences and 15 themes were selected as the main defining features of the native houses in Mokrian. By integrating, comparing and pondering those features, a core title was developed to represent the true meaning of the houses. It read "Mokrian House Marks Self-Representation, Sense Manifestation, and Human Life Depiction”.


Main Subjects

Abbaszadegan, Mostafa, Zekri, Abbas (2014), [The Meaning and Process of Understanding it in Architecture (in Persian)], City Identity, No. 18, pp. 5-12.
Barati, Naser (2003), [Recognition of the concept of home in Farsi and Iranian culture (in Persian)], Journal of the Academy of Arts, No 13, pp. 55-24.
Behzad‌far, Mostafa, Shakiba Manesh, Amir. (2014), [An Investigation of the Place Phenomenology Philosophy; an Analysis of David Simon’s Ideas in Relation to the Concept of a House as a Place (in Persian)], the City Identity, Vol 8, No 17, p. 14-14.
Bennett, J. (2010). VibrantMatter: A Political Ecology of Things, Durham,
Buttimer, A., & Seamon, D. (1980). The Human Experience of Space and Place, Croon Helm, London.
Castelles, Manuel. (1977), the Urban Question, Cambridge, the MIT Press.
Copermarkus, Clare (2003), [House, Symbol of Self (in Persian)], Translation of Ahad Aligholian, Journal of the Academy of Arts, Khiyal, No 5, pp. 84-119.
Coquelma‌Ness, Joseph (2002), [Hedger and Art (in Persian)], translation by Mohammad Jawad Safayan, Abadan, questions of the Academy of Arts.
Dovey, K. (1985), Home and homelessness In: Irwin, A and W. Carol (eds.) Home environments, Springer. 33-50.
Emami Sigarodi, Abdolhossein; Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid; Rahnavard, Zahra; Noorie Saeed, Ali ; )2012)[Methodology of Qualitative Research: Phenomenology(in Persian)], Journal of Holistic Nursing And Midwifery, 22, No. 68, pp. 56-63.
Flick, Eve. (2008), [On qualitative research (in Persian)], translation by Hadi Jalili, Tehran, Publishing.
Frederick C, B. (2014). [Navalis (In Persian)] Translation by Seyyed Mohammad Javad Seyedi, Ruzbehan Publishing, Tehran.
Groms, Algirdas Julien. (2010). [Defective meaning (in Persian)], translation by Hamid Reza Shaeeri. Tehran First Printing: Science Publishing.
Habib, Farah (2006), [Exploration in the meaning of the city (in Persian)], Publications of Fine Arts. No 25, pp. 5-14.
Heidegger, Martin (2007). [Being and Time (in Persian)], Translation by Siavash Jamadi, Tehran, Phoenix Publishing.
Heidegger, Martin. (2002), [poetry, language and thought of liberation (in Persian)], Translation by Abbas Manouchehri, Tehran, Molavi Publications.
Hill, Jonathan (2017), [Merloponty for Architects (in Persian)], translation by Gulnaz Saleh Karimi, Tehran, Book Publishing.
Husserl, E. (1970). The idea of phenemenology. The Hague, the Netherlands: Nijhoff.
Ilka, Shahin (2015), [Iranian Desirable House, Research on the concept of “home” architecture based on the notion of past and present users (with social context orientation) (in Persian)], PhD dissertation, Tehran Azad University.
Khakpour, Mojgan, Ansari, Mojtaba, Sheikh Mehdi, Ali, Tavousi, Mahmoud (2015), Socio-cultural characteristics of the environment, [Housing and rural environment (in Persian)], No. 149, Sauce 3-14.
Khatami, Mahmoud. (2016), [The World in Heidegger’s Thought (in Persian)], Tehran, Research Center for Islamic Culture and Thought.
Maplas, Jeff. (2008), Disclosing the Depths of Heidegger’s Topology: A -Response to Relph، New York، Environmental & Architectural Phenomenology Newsletter ،retrived from: http:// www،arch،ksu،edu.
Merleau-ponty, M. (2012).Phnomenology of perception, trans.Landes, D.A. Abingdon and New Yourk: Rotledge.
Mohammad Pour, Ahmad. (2010), [Anti-Method, Logic and Design in Qualitative Methodology (in Persian)], Tehran, Publications of Sociologists.
Mostafavi, Shamsolmuluk (2012), [Heidgur and Hermeneutics of Art (in Persian)], Kimya-ye-Honar Art, No. 3, pp. 47-54.
Moustakas, Clark (1994). Phenomenological research methods Publisher Thousand Oaks, Calif. London: Sage.NC: Dukeuniversity press.
Nikfetrat, Morteza; Mirgodaz, Seyyed Sedigheh; Bitaraf, Ehsan. (2016). [Questions of Perception; Architecture Phenomenology (in Persian)], Tehran, Thinking.
Palmer, Richard. (1998), [Science of Hermeneuticus: Towel’s Theology in the Philosophy of Shl’a-Yarmuma Khor, Diltai, Heidgar, Gadamer (in Persian)], Mohammad Saeed Hunayi Translated by Yen, Tehran, Hermes Publishing.
Partovi, Parvin (2008), [Sense of Place (in Persian)], Tehran, Art Academy.
Partovi, Parvin (2015), [Place of Appearance (in Persian)], Third Edition, Tehran, Art Academy.
Plasma, Johanni (2014), [Sensitization: A Look at the Architectural Phenomenology (in Persian)], Translated by Mohammadamin Sharifian, Mahe honar, No. 189, pp. 52-56.
Rappaport, Amos (2009), [Anthropology of Housing (in Persian)], translator Khosrow Afzalian, Tehran, Professional Artist.
Sadoughi, Arezo (2011), [Understanding the nature of the Iranian house by the phenomenological method of the case study of Showdan and the pre-community at Dezfouli’s home(in Persian)], doctoral dissertation, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran.
Saegert, Susan (1985). The role of housing in the experience of dwelling. Altman. I and c. Werner (Eds). Home environments. Plenum press. 287-319.
Sartipipour, Mohsen (2011), [Phenomenology of Rural Housing (in Persian)], Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, Vol 30, no 133, pp 14-3.
Saunders, Peter Robert (1990), A Nation of Home Owners, Unwin Hyman, London.
Seamon, David & Jacob, Sowers. (2008), Place and Placelessness, Edward Relph, London: Sage.
Seamon, David. (2000). Phenomenology, Place, Environment, and Architecture: A Review of the Literature, [database online], [cited 11/4/2013]. Available from article_summary.htm
Shultz, Kristen. (2009), [Soul of the place: to the PDF of the Architect (in Persian)], Translation of Mohammad Reza Shirazi, Tehran, New Event.
Sixmith, Judith A. and Andrew J. Sixmith, (1987) Empirical phenomenology: principles and method, Quality and Quantity, 21, pp. 313-333
Strus, Anselm and Carbine, Juliet. (2013). [Principles of qualitative research, techniques and stages of theoretical production (in Persian)], Translation by Ebrahim Afshar, third edition. Tehran, Tehran.
Tsai, S (2012), Place attachment and tourism marketing: Investigating international tourists in Singapore, International Journal of Tourism Research, 14(2), 139-152.
Valle, R., King, M., & Halling, S. (1989). An introduction to existential phenomenological thought in psychology. In R. Valle & S. Halling (Eds.).
Zumthur, Peter (2015). [The Phenomenological Approach to WordPress Peter Zumutor (in Persian)], translation by Nick Fetrat, Martyr Sedigheh Mir Saraylarnegoody, Tehran, Publication of the Institute of Science