Spatial Zoning of the Relative Advantage of Rural Entrepreneurship and the Factors Affecting it: A Case Study of Pars Abad County

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate professors, Department of Enterprise Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD student of geography and rural planning and spatial planning of entrepreneurship in rural areas, Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Nowadays, entrepreneurship and the creation of entrepreneurial activities are the best strategy for the survival and development of villages. The present research aims at zoning the rural areas of Pars Abad in terms of the relative advantages of entrepreneurship and the factors that affect it. The research is based on a descriptive-analytic method. Data gathering was done by document and field methods, i.e. questionnaire and observation. The statistical population of the study consisted of entrepreneurs and villagers. According to the sample, 22 rural entrepreneurs were selected by the random sampling method, and 377 villagers were selected randomly. To evaluate the relative advantage of rural entrepreneurship, the scale advantage index (SAI), efficiency advantage index (EAI), spatial advantage index (LQ) and collective advantage index (AAI) were used through a hierarchical cluster analysis. Also, to investigate the affecting factors, Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance was done. The change-share method was used to predict the growth status of entrepreneurship in rural areas. As the results showed, Aslandois, Islamabad, Savalan and Oltan have the greatest comparative advantage in rural entrepreneurship. It was also found that differentiating factors are mainly local practices that affect the quantity and quality of entrepreneurship.


Main Subjects

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