The Impact of Social Capital on the Participation of Villagers in Rural Development Programs with the Mediating Role of the Perceived Effects of Plans and Projects

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Earth Sience Faculty, Shahid Beheshti Univevrsity, Tehran, Iran.

2 MA, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Earth Sience Faculty, Shahid Beheshti Univevrsity, Tehran, Iran.


Paying attention to social capital in the management of environmental resources by people and participation in various development programs are the important elements of rural management and development. These elements can solve socioeconomic problems and optimally distribute services and facilities to increase welfare and comfort. However, the importance of social capital and participation of villagers is not properly recognized. In this regard, the role of the people and their participation in accelerating development processes is not taken into consideration. This research aims at the relationship between the improvement of the social capital of villagers and their participation in sustainable rural development on one hand and the environmental, physical, economic and cultural mediating roles of villagers perceived through the implementation of programs and plans in Tehran Province. The study is of a descriptive-survey type conducted with a questionnaire as the data collection tool. The research sample consisted of 400 households in 33 villages. The results indicated the positive effect of social capital on villagers’ participation in rural development programs. In other words, through the improvement of social awareness, social trust and social networks in connection to the implementation of community-based programs and projects by local managers, it is possible to enhance the participation of villagers in projects, social activities, and investment in rural areas. This, in turn, leads to improved sustainable development of villages.


Main Subjects

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