An Investigation of the Rural Development Policies of Sixth Five-Year Social, Cultural and Economic Development Plan in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate, Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography, University of kharazmi, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of kharazmi, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of kharazmi, Tehran, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department Of Environmental Design, Faculty of environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


In recent decades, planning system has faced a change in the concept of development because of the intrinsic dynamics of human societies and the ineffectiveness of theories in solving problems. The Intellectual concept development has required assessment of the conceptual framework of planning theories in the rural development. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate rural development policies of the Sixth Five-Year Development Plan of Iran based on postmodernism theory. The research methodology is qualitative based on Meta-synthesis and content analysis.  The method of collecting data is library-based and logical reasoning was used to understand the categories. The results showed that key principles of postmodernism theory are non-rationality. Evaluation of rural development policies revealed that these policies are relatively compliant with principles of postmodernism planning. In other words, programs derived from modernism are observed along with postmodernism planning policies that implies to eclecticism thoughts in provision of rural development policies of the Sixth Five-Year Development Plan.


Asadi, I. (2003). [The Complexity of Urban Planning Issues and Facing Them Approaches, (Persian)], Urban Management, 10, 28-15.
Azkia, M. Dibaji, Sh. (2016). [Criticism of Rural Development-Programs in Iran (Persian)]. Journal of Studies and Social Research in Iran, 5(1), 103- 125.
Beauregard, R. (1991). Without a net: modernist planning and the postmodern abyss. Education and Research, 10(3), 189–194. doi: 10.1177/0739456x9101000305.
Cousins, M. H. (1984). Michel Foucault, New York, ST. Martin’s Press.
Dear, M. (1986). Postmodernism and Planning, Environment and Planning D, Society and Space, 4, 367-384, http:// doi: 10.1068/d040367.
Dear, M. (1988). The Postmodernism challenge: human geography, Transaction, Institute of British Geographers, 13,262-74.
Debrix, F. (1992). Specters of postmodernism: Derrida’s Marx, the New International and the return of situationism, Philosophy & Social Criticism, 25 (1), 1–21. doi:10.1177/019145379902500101.
Eftekhary, A., Sojasi Qidari, H. & Sadeghloo, T. (2013). [Content Analyses of Rural Sustainable Development Position in Plans after Islamic Reveloution (Persian)]. Journal of Human Geography Research Quarterly, 45( 3), 19-38
Ghaemenia, A. (2009). [Religious experience, Modernity and postmodernism, (Persian)], Haft Aseman, (4).
Hedgcock, D, Hillier, J, & Wood, D. (1991). Planning, Postmodernism and Community Power. Urban Policy and Research, 9(4), 220–226.doi:10.1080/08111149108551472.
Innes, J. (1998). Challenge and creativity in postmodern planning. Journal of Town Planning Review, 69(2), v–ix.
Innes, J. (1995). Planning theory’s emerging paradigm: communicative action and interactive practice. Planning Education and Research, 14(3), 183–189, http:// doi: 10.1177/0739456x9501400307.
Macclaude, D. (2006). Postmodern and Urban Planning, Retrieved from http://www. Simpatico. Ca/ Macleod.
Malekifar, A. (2006). Foresight Alphabet, Educational and Research Institute of Defensive Industry, Center of the Foresight Defensive Science and Technology, Tehran.
Malpas, S. (2005). The Postmodern, First Edition, London: Routledge Press.
Mcgreevy, M. (2017). Complexity as the Telos of Postmodern Planning and Design: Designing better cities from the bottom-up, Planning Theory, 17(3), 355–374, http:// doi: 10.1177/1473095217711473.
Mohammadpour, A. (2008). Jean-François Lyotard, and the Emergence of Postmodern social sciences, The theorical origins and paradigmatic foundations, Social Sciences, 5(1),39-82.
Najarian, p., Pakseresht, M.J., & Safaei Moghaddam, M. (2002). [Postmodern themes and its educational implications, (Persian)], Educational sciences and Psychology, 3(1, 2), 89-106.
Nietzsche, F. (1967). The will to power. New York: Random House.
Nozari, H. (2000). Postmodernity and postmodernism, Definition, theories and applications, First Edition, Tehran, Naghsh Jahan Publications. 
Pajohan, M. Moghadam, N. Fathi, S. (2013). [Comparative study of land use systems from the Perspective of two paradigms of modernism and postmodernism, (Persian)], Human Geography Research, 45(2), 17-36.
Philo, C. (1992). Neglected rural geographies: a review, rural Studies, 12(8), 193-207.
Rezvani, M.R. (2002). [An Attitude to the Rural Development Planning System in Iran, (Persian)], Geographical Research, (4), 25- 38.
Saidi, A. (2003). Fundation of location and settlment of new villages, Islamic Revolution Housing Fundation Publiction.
Shafiee, H. (2000). [Postmodernism in Urbanism, (Persian)], Urban Management, 1, 70-82.
Varmazyari, H., Kalantari, Kh., Lavaei Adaryani, R., & Samadi, M. (2018). [A Grounded Theory Approach to Developing Model for Challenges of Policy-Making and planning of Rural Development, (Persian)], Village and Development, 21(2),97-123.
Young, F. (2016). Modernity, postmodernity, and ecological wisdom: Toward a new framework for landscape and urban planning, Landscape and Urban Planning, 155, 91-99, .