Village; the Gate of Power and in Power; Genealogical Analysis of Power in the Village and Power Relations Between the City and the Village

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.


The villages have maintained a long and complex relationship with the cities through the production and transfer of power to cities which, in turn, have used and exerted power over villages. Understanding this relationship requires an examination of the effect of the forces that generate and consume power. Therefore, Foucault's qualitative method was used in this study. Accordingly, the power relations between producers and consumers were divided into quadruple periods: before the Safavid Era, Safavid Era-Constitutional Revolution, Constitutional Revolution-Islamic Revolution, Islamic Revolution and afterward. According to the findings, in the early stages, village-city relations were in the form of tax transfer and supply of soldiers, but over time, with the intervention of various internal factors - the emergence of oil, land reforms- and foreign-international trade, power transmission was transformed and, with the establishment of the government and capitalist relations in the villages and the introduction of luxury goods, the villages were deprived of their power. Therefore, cities as the power bases have always been a factor in weakening the power of the villages since the time of their emergence. In this regard, they have used many techniques that were more obvious in nature at the beginning, but today they in the form of services provided to rural areas. To change the power relations between cities and villages and to create a rational balance of power, one can: adjust the power differences between cities and villages and make power accessible to all; ensure proper distribution of power among stakeholders; create a proper structure for the institutionalization of the power process between cities and villages and redistribution of power.


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