Investigating the Causes and Motivations of Reverse Migration Among Rural Migrants (The Study Area: Khorramabad County)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MA, Department of Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.


In recent decades, the process of returning rural migrants to their original place of residence can be considered one of the most important trends in demographic mobility. That is due to the general trend of changing living conditions and its relative improvement in the villages compared to the past and the fact that the primary reasons for migration no longer exist or the benefits of living in the city as a destination have decreased. Given the importance of analyzing such trends in the region and the field of city and village relations, the present article seeks to investigate the causes and motivations of return migration among rural migrants in the city of Khorram Abad. The present research is an applied research of the descriptive-correlational type and the statistical population includes all rural immigrants who have returned to their villages during the years 2006-2016(N=24160).The research instrument is a researcher-made questionnaire and the validity and reliability of its form and content have been confirmed using the opinions of experts in the fields of economics and rural development as well as the Cronbach's alpha test. The results of independent t-test also suggested that there is a significant difference in the rate of desire to return between the group of landowners and non-owners in the village, people who have temporary and permanent jobs in the city, those who own agricultural land, and those who own only residential land in the village.


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