The Typology of The Roots And Consequences of Mass Strife (Case Study: Rural Community of Emamzadeh Abdullah (As), Hendijan, Khuzestan Province)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc, Department of Development Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Development Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Collective disputes in the community are one of the issues that could jeopardize peace and security and as a result, the quality of life of people. In this study, the main purpose of researchers was to study the origins of the conflict. The rural village under study was Emamzadeh Abdullah (AS) in the central part of Hendinjan City, Khuzestan. Researchers used data collection techniques such as interviews and observations. Data analysis was performed using the thematic analysis technique. Using snowball sampling, 10 people have been identified and studied. The author also conducted two group interviews with a 6-member group and a 3-member group. Results were collected in three economic, social and cultural aspects. The roots of the conflict in different sections were: the economic section (limited resources, property rights), cultural section (ignoring convention, ethnicity), and social section, which were identified as additional factors aggravating the conflict including weakness of social capital outside group, stimulation of the youth by the elders, and social unawareness. The findings also showed that the consequences of conflict in this study include: the reduction of social cohesion, social breakdown, damage to life and property, lack of tendency to investment, growth malice, increase in court cases, and lack of progress in the village.


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