The Effect of Climate on the Spatial Organization of Rural Housing Based on the Theory of Space Syntax (Case Study: Villages of East Azerbaijan Province)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 MA, Department of Restoration and Architectural Studies, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.

4 MA, Department of Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.


The prevailing climatic diversity in different regions is ignored and generally rural areas with the same spatial organization are built for all climatic regions of the country. The purpose of this study is to identify the rural housing spatial organization of East Azerbaijan province based on the climatic diversity prevailing in this province. In the present research, the analytical method of spatial syntax (spatial arrangement) has been used to study the spatial organization of rural housing. In order to select the studied samples, first, the studied villages were selected based on the climatic zoning of the province by cluster method from different climatic regions and then the native and original houses in the selected villages were carefully harvested. In order to analyze the information obtained from in-place studies, these houses were examined in terms of spatial organization for each sample by "UCL DepthMap" and "A-Graph" software using a descriptive diagram. Most types of rural housing have low depth and high interconnection and communication between different spaces inside the housing is possible through them. Examining the diagrams, it can be seen that the most connected space in the spatial structure of the houses is the vestibule, which plays the main role as a control element in the spatial organization of other house spaces and spatial hierarchy has always been considered by the creators by locating private spaces at greater depths and public spaces at lower depths, regardless of climatic diversity.


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