Analysis of Social Health Components and the Factors Affecting It: Rural Households of Shiraz Township

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc., Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.


Social health is one of the most important dimensions of public health in society along with other mental, spiritual, medical, etc. dimensions. It plays a significant role in the sustainable development of society in order to prevent social harm and pave the way for the participation of individuals in all areas of society.  Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the social health of rural households in Shiraz and the factors affecting it. The research method is survey and the statistical population consists of rural households in Shiraz city, the number of which is 384 households based on Morgan table and selected by stratified random sampling method. Based on the reported values of fitness indicators, it was found that the model of confirmatory factor analysis of the research, based on five dimensions, has a suitable and acceptable fit (RMSEA = 0.04) and the components can be used to estimate social health and therefore the structure used to measure social health has an acceptable validity. The measured model showed that social health can be a function of five factors of social cohesion, social acceptance, social participation, social adaptation and social prosperity derived from Keyes theory of social health and all selected indicators of research except one indicator in the component of social acceptance, have shown their significant effects in measuring social health. Based on the results of the regression test, the adjusted coefficient showed that 64.9% of social health changes are explained by independent variables. Finally, suggestions for promoting social health are provided.


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