Development of Sustainable Rural Employment by Creating Skills Houses Based on the Scenario Method (Case Study: Rural Areas of East Guilan)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Regional Studies, Environmental Research Institute, Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research (ACECR), Rasht, Iran.

2 Research Expert, Department of Regional Studies, Environmental Research Institute, Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research (ACECR), Rasht, Iran.

3 Lectureship, Department of Regional Studies, Environmental Research Institute, Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research (ACECR), Rasht, Iran.


In rural communities, diversifying sources of income through rural entrepreneurship by relying on the establishment of skills houses can be a good way to develop employment, reduce unemployment, increase income and improve the quality of life of villagers. Entrepreneurship and Skills House is a popular and voluntary organization that will work in line with the goals of entrepreneurship and empowerment, with a village-centered approach in cooperation with residents, stakeholders and local and regional stakeholders. It is an organization that promises rural development by training and discovering new ideas and supporting them. In this regard, the present study aims to investigate and formulate optimal scenarios for job creation in rural areas of East Guilan and by emphasizing the role of skills houses in creating sustainable employment, tries to answer the question “What is a suitable scenario for sustainable job creation based on skills houses?” The geographical scope includes the rural area of East Guilan and the village analysis unit.  In this research, 260 villages have been studied and to determine the indicators affecting rural employment based on skills houses, 384 farmers, 400 local managers and elites, and 150 experts from organizations and institutions in charge of rural development participated. The results of this study showed that the optimal scenario for the development of sustainable employment is based on skills houses in the eastern region of Guilan; the scenario is “job creation compatible with the natural environment”.


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