Analysis of the Effects of Villagers’ Idealism on Rural Development (Case Study: Sistan Region)

Document Type : Thesis Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.

2 MSc., Department of Geography, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.


Idealism as a motivating factor can pave the way for the development of human societies, especially in rural areas. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to analyze the effects of idealism on rural development in the Sistan region. This research is based on the descriptive-analytical method and is applied in terms of purpose. Documentary and survey methods were used to collect information. The sample size per village unit was determined using the Sharp correction formula of 40 villages. According to Cochran's formula, the sample size for the head of the household unit was 381. The validity of the researcher-made questionnaire was confirmed by experts on the subject, and the reliability coefficient was 0/856. Spearman correlation coefficient, analysis of variance and taxonomic methods were used to investigate the effects of rural idealism on rural development. The results of the taxonomy of development by leveling rural idealism showed that the highest number in both levels is in the middle group. The results of the evaluation of idealism showed that Jalehie village in Zabol city (124/08) had the highest and Kang Emamdad village in Hirmand city (66/33) had the lowest level of idealism. Also Karbasak village from Zabol city (3/66) had the highest and Akondzad village of Hirmand city (1/86) had the lowest level of rural development and the overall result of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between idealism and the level of rural development in the villages of Sistan region (with sig 0/000).


Abbasi Shavazi, M.J., & Askari Nodoushan, A. (2008). Idealism in Development and Family-Related Attitudes in Iran, case study in Yazd, Quarterly Journal of Sociological Studies, 16(34),49-72.
Afshani, A. (2002). SPSS Applied Education in Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yazd University Press, First Edition. 
Afshari, A., Moeini, R., Ansari, H. (2019) A Study On Relationship Between Juveniles’ Developmental Utopianism and Their Tendency to Migration, Strategic Studies on Youth and Sports, 18 (43), 1-23.
Asil, H. (2002). Utopia in Iranian Thought, Tehran: Publication of Ney.
Avini, M. (2011). Development and Foundations of Western Civilization, Tehran: Publication of Shabak, 320.
Azkia, M., & Ghaffari, G.R. (2007). Rural Development with an Emphasis Iranian Rural Society, Tehran: Nashr-e Ney.
Azkia, M. (2005). Introduction to the Sociology of Rural Development, Second Edition, Tehran: Publication of Etelaat.
Bani Asadi, H., & Rashidinejad, H. (2011). meta-motivations and characteristics of self-fulfilling individuals in the martyred commanders of Kerman province, Journal of Psychology and Religion, 16(1), 5-22.
Bryce, N., Camp, R., & Sanalgar, R. (2011). Analysis of psychological data with SPSS program, translated by Khadijeh Aliabadi and Seyed Ali Samadi, first edition, Tehran: Doran Publishing.
Esmail Tabar, M. (2007). Introduction to Philosophy, Tehran: Farhang Sabz Publications.
Faghihi, A., & Rafeei- Moghaddam, F. (2008). A comparative study of Human from Roger's and Islam's perspective, journal of Studies in Islam & Psycholigy, 2(3), 143-167.
Fattahi, R.A. (2007). From Ideals to Reality: An Analysis of the Most Important Challenges and Approaches to Organizing Information in the Present Age, Journal of Library and Information Science, 10(4), 1-18.
Jomehpour, M. (2005). Introduction to Rural Development Planning, Perspectives and Methods, Tehran: Samat Publications.
Kazemi, Z. (2010). The effect of developmental idealism on the gap between mothers and daughters in their attitudes towards marriage and family, Journal of Family research, 6(23). 299-312.
Khadivi A.A., & Vakili Mafakheri, A. (2011). The relationship between achievement motivation, source of control, self-concept and academic achievement of first year high school students in the five districts of Tabriz ", Quarterly Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(13). 45-66.
Hee, L. (2006). Power within us, translated by Abdolrasoul Divasalar, Tehran: Anas Tak Publications.
Massoud, M., Moezzi Mehr Tehran, A.M., & Shobiri, S.N. (2011). Determining the degree of underdevelopment of cities in Isfahan province with numerical taxonomy technique, Quarterly Journal of Urban and Regional Studies and Research, 8(27). 39-54.
Motahari, M. (2006). Man and Faith, Tehran: publication of the works of Master Shahid Motahari.
Naghavi, M.R., Paydar, A., & Ghasemi, Y. (2012). Study and analysis of the role of culture in the development of rural areas with sustainable development approaches ", Rural Cultural Engineering Monthly, 6(67-68).93-107.
Namdar Taleshani, M. (2006). The Ideal Wisdom of the Rational Cognition System of Politics, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Science Political Research Group.
Nasiri, Gh. (2003). "Methodological Reflection on the Foundations of the School of Idealism", Quarterly Journal of Strategic Studies, Year 6 (21). 595-618.
Niknam, M., Fararoui, M., Kamkar, A., Fouladi, N., Mohamadi, A. (2012). Comparison Of Perfectionism In People Who Have Cosmetic Rhinoplasty Surgery And Control Group In Yasouj City, Journal of Payavard Salamat, 6(1). 52- 60
Rezvani, M., & Ahmadi, A. (2009). Islamic Rural Councils, Public Participation and Rural Development, Human Geography Research Quarterly, 1(4). 35-49.
Rokanuddin Eftekhari, A.R., Badri, S.A. (2012). Theoretical foundations of the development model of the sample village, Rasht: Guilan Governor's Office.
Rokanuddin Eftekhari, A.R., Paydar, A., & Savadi, A.A. (2012). Analysis of villagers' perceptions of life progress, and its dimensions and obstacles (Case study: Dosari village, Jiroft plain), Research Rural, 3(10) 51-73.
Seidaei, A., & Dehghani, A. (2010). The role of public participation in rural development: with emphasis on traditional and modern partnerships, a case study: Central part of Noorabad Mamasani ", Quarterly Journal of Applied Sociology, 21(37). 1-18. 
Shkedi, A., Laron, L. (2004). Between idealism and pragmatism: a case study of student teachers’ pedagogical development, Teaching and Teacher Education, 20(7). 693-711. ""
Statistics Center of Iran. (2016). Tehran: General Census of Population and Housing of Sistan and Baluchestan.
Thornton, A., Swindle, J., Bhandari, P., Young-DeMarco, L., Williams, N., & Hughes, C. (2021). Developmental idealism and migration: theorizing their relationship and an empirical example from Nepal, Population Research and Policy Review, 13 (59). 47-75.
Thornton, A. (2015). The making of family values: Developmental idealism in Gansu, China, Social Science Research, 18 (51).174-188
Thornton, A., S Pierotti, Rl., Young-DeMarco, L., Watkins, S. (2010). Developmental Idealism and Cultural Models of the Family in Malawi, Sociol Dev Oakl, 12 (2). 277-320
Thornton, A. (2005). “Reading History Sideways: The Fallacy and Enduring Impact of the Developmental Paradigm on Family Life”. Population Studies Center, Chicago: University of Chicago Press