Meta-summary of Family Farm Survival Strategies

Document Type : Thesis Article


1 PhD in sociology, Researcher of Khouzestan Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Payame Noor University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


In this article, in order to identify the strategies used by farming families to survive and maintain their family business and the factors that affect these strategies, the systematic review method and meta-summary strategy were used. Thus, after seven stages of screening the collected articles, 61 articles were selected according to the purpose of the research and in the data analysis stage, with the help of MAXQDA 2020 software, "attributive coding" and "holistic coding" were performed. Findings show that to maintain their family business, farming families generally use three strategies of "diversification" (market-oriented, economy-oriented, family-centered, individual-centered), "sustainability" (Social, economic, environmental) and "substitution" (contextual factors, communication factors, individual factors). Family farms play an important role in the field of agriculture and food security in the present and future of the world. Understanding the successful strategies of farmingfamilies in developed countries and identifying the factors influencing them can be an incentive for farming families and politicians, and ultimately along with benefiting from domestic experiences, lead to the revision of agricultural strategies and policies in favor of the survival and revitalization of family farms.


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