Effects of the Organizing of Livestock and Forest Residents Exit out of the Forest on Rural Communities: A Thematic Analysis

Document Type : Thesis Article


1 MSc., Department of Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture and National Resources, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture and National Resources, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Command and General Staff, Amin Police University, Tehran, Iran.


One of the most important programs of the government in order to preserve the forest areas of the country has been the implementation of the plan to remove livestock from the forest and organize the forest dwellers. It has been especially helpful for the residents of forest villages. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the organizing of livestock and forest residents' exit out of the forest on rural communities in the Ramyan region in Golestan province. Data collection continued until theoretical data saturation and 23 semi-structured individual interviews were conducted. In order to achieve the main objective of the research, a three-step content analysis process by King et al (2018) was used to study the effects of implementing the reorganization plan. Finally, MAXQDA20 software was used for the drawing of a schematic network. Based on codes obtained from the interviews with the villagers involved in the livestock moving out plan by MAXQDA20 software, 4 organizing themes including the economic (6 sub-themes), social (6 sub-themes), institutions-management (5 Sub-themes) and physical (4 sub-themes) were analyzed. The results showed that the plan for the organiz-ing of livestock and forest residents' exit out of the forest on rural communities in the Ramyan region was unsuccessful from the viewpoint of the beneficiaries and the plan needs support and guidance toward economic self-sufficiency and recovery of their social culture.


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