Spatial Analysis of Translocal Resilience of Rural Settlements in Ravansar County against Drought

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Post-Doctoral Researcher, Department of Geography and Rural Planning,, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Identifying the level of tarnslocal resilience of rural settlements is important to deal with drought and is necessary for the good governance of villages, in fact, by identifying and ranking the tarnslocal resilience of villages, it is possible to take suitable management strategies to reduce the damage caused by drought. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess the translocal resilience to the drought of six rural districts of the city of Rawansar in Kermanshah province. In this quantitative research, five indicators of translocal resilience to drought were selected based on the literature review, which include: flows of people, funds, products and goods, information, technologies and innovations. Then, using a one-sample T-test, the influence of each of the mentioned indicators on the translocal resilience of the villagers from the point of view of the villages governors of Ravansar City (N=99) was checked, which was based on the table of Krejcie and Morgan and by random sampling method 79 of them were selected. In the next stage, 17 experts of agricultural jihad and the governorate of Ravansar City were selected using the snowball technique and purposive sampling method, and their opinions were used to determine the weight of the mentioned indicators. The results obtained by TOPSIS technique based on these indicators showed that rural areas of Zalu Ab and Hasan Abad in Rawansar City, had the greatest translocal resilience to drought, while rural areas of Dawlat Abad and Badr had medium and Mansour Aghaei and Quri Qala had lowest translocal resilience to drought. This could be caused by the imbalanced and translocal flows and links and the lack of spatial justice in the same rural area. 


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