Modeling Process for the Design of New Rural Housing (Case Study: Savar Village)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MA., Department of History of Architecture and Restoration, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University (TIAU), Tabriz, Iran.


One of the pillars of the development programs is to pay attention to the construction of rural houses. Renovation of these houses is not possible without paying attention to the identity issues and the historical background of the villages and the continuation of local patterns. The contexts of the continuity of residential patterns depend on understanding the native architecture. Therefore, it is necessary to explain the modeling process of native architecture and extract these models to be used in new designs. Savar village in East Azerbaijan province is one of the villages with historical values and native architecture. Therefore, this study seeks the modeling process and local patterns of housing in the village of Savar for implementation in the construction of new houses. This research is considered qualitative in terms of the implementation process and uses the descriptive-analytical-exploratory method to achieve its goals. For this purpose, while reviewing the relevant literature, it explains the process of modeling local patterns and then examines these steps in the case of Savar village. The findings of the research show that in the process of modeling native architecture, there are four essential stages of comprehensive understanding of the existing situation based on library and field studies, extracting the components that affect rural housing, presenting the basic model of rural housing, and finally, refining this model based on changes in the contemporary life of villagers. Consequently, the main components affecting the rural housing of Savar were identified, including the slope, orientation, substrate and spatial organization of the housing. 


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