Investigating the Evolution of Rural Houses in the Plain Areas Using Similarity Method of the Form and Spatial Relationships of Plains (Case Study: Gilan Talesh, Iran)

Document Type : Thesis Article


1 Department of Architecture, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.


The house is an essential human need; over time, its spaces have taken on a different structure due to the conditions and external changes. Therefore, the present study seeks to investigate the rural settlements in Talesh to extract the patterns of evolution. To recognize the properties of the changes, we can use the design of rustic housing patterns. Data collection tools were library research and observation. The research method was a mixed study (qualitative and quantitative). In this research, using mathematical formulations, the goal of the study could be achieved. In the quantitative stage, 150 rural houses, selected purposefully from different Talesh regions, were analyzed using data mining and Python scripting language methods. The results indicated that in the Talesh region, the shape of a rectangle, east-west orientation, and the orientation of the veranda toward the south are common features in all of the areas found in the region. But the porch, which is a semi-open space, has played an influential role in constructing the form and improving the function of the spaces over time. Its area has been reduced, and moving it to the middle of the building has caused the formation of the houses to be more closed than before. Also, the examination of the pattern of traditional houses showed that the function of closed spaces has increased by separating different spaces due to their absence in the past.