Document Type : Thesis Article
Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University
Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
villages of cities have many facilities, limitations, opportunities and challenges due to their proximity and physical-spatial dependence with the city, which do not exist in other villages to such an extent. One of the challenges of managing villages located in the boundaries of cities is the precise definition and determination of the boundaries and how to manage and plan these villages. In other words, the legal breach in the management process of the villages on the outskirts of the cities and the way of encroachment and occupation in these areas, very scattered management and multiple management agencies such as the municipality, telecommunications, gas administration, housing foundation, etc., have affected the management process of the peri-urban villages. It has caused many problems and challenges and these areas have suffered a break in the privacy management process. Villages located in the boundaries of metropolises are facing challenges such as indiscriminate constructions, waste collection methods, lack of accurate determination of waste disposal locations, lack of proper mechanisms to manage businesses, etc. The result of such conditions are numerous problems and issues that plague villages located in the boundaries. has taken The villages located in Harim have not preserved their rural form and identity, nor have they been accepted as part of the body and identity of the city. The wandering caused by the interference of rural and urban management in the area of Harim, causes them to make maximum use of the presence or overlap of the activities of the village councils and municipalities in this area and to make unplanned changes in the use, landscape and performance of these villages. In this situation, the metropolitan villages lose their productive and economic function and become the living place of the elderly native villagers, the second home of a number of wealthy citizens, and the dormitory of the city's workforce. Despite conducting studies in the field of peri-urban areas, a comprehensive and logical framework has not yet been presented in relation to the local management of peri-urban villages. Accordingly, this research seeks to explain the theoretical framework of local management of peri-urban villages with an analytical approach and in the form of a systematic review.
Considering the importance and advantage of using a systematic review to study the background of the research, this article tried to use this method to identify the local management model in peri-urban villages. The statistical population of this systematic study includes all research articles and theses resulting from quantitative and qualitative studies of local integrated management. The reason for choosing the format of the article among the conducted researches was a methodological reason and corresponding to the objective reality; The production of an article is more than a book and thesis, and in most of the conducted researches, an attempt has been made to present a summary of the research report in an article, for the information of other researchers and the scientific community.
The management of metropolises requires attention to regional dimensions and emphasis on the central neighborhood, on the other hand, the stability of the neighborhood system and wisdom in order to create a balance and balance of the hierarchy of nuclei and areas of population settlement, activity and services is of special importance. Today, the need for local management to achieve spatial transformations in any area is a natural thing; Because basically, changes in the rural environment without local management lead to inconsistency between different components in the structural and management areas, from this point of view, local management is formed to attract the conscious and meaningful presence of villagers in various fields of ecological, social, economic, and physical environment, in other words, management local; Using the capacity and cooperation of villagers and paying attention to local priorities and needs has been done. the optimal local management will be possible when that the planners can use management components and successful experiences, and the realization of this requires a detailed understanding of the components and dimensions of local management and its adaptation to the scope of the study. It is possible in various structural, political, financial and legal, executive and citizen-oriented fields
As shown in the diagram, the summation of the components of local management is defined in six areas and these components are interdependent and cannot be considered separately, on the other hand, local management requires the satisfaction of the stakeholders (local community) and in this area citizen-oriented It is considered as a principle and citizenship orientation can be considered in all dimensions of integration. In the local planning system, paying attention to the views of people in the executive areas and formulating policies and laws should be in accordance with the wishes of the citizens and pay attention to the existing and desirable situation of the peri-urban villages, on the other hand, it exists in such a way that these villages have mainly taken on a functional and industrial nature and from then on the villagers are required to go to Tehran to receive their services. Also, based on the evaluation of the studies, it must be acknowledged that the rural management of Tehran must be consistent with the urban management and it cannot be These villages were considered as a separate model.