Investigating the effect of assets on the sustainability of rural women's livelihood in Gachsaran city

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural economics and development, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran,

2 Associate Professor of Architecture and Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Islamic Azad University tehranBranch,

3 Expert of Rural Development Studies Center of Natural Disaster Research Institute

4 Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University

Abstract

Abstract:
Sustainable rural livelihood is one of the basic topics of sustainable development. In this regard, the empowerment of local communities depends on the sustainability of rural women's livelihood.
Based on this, the current research was conducted with the aim of analyzing and investigating the impact of livelihood assets on the sustainability of rural women's livelihood in Gachsaran City. Analysis and investigation of the effect of the effective factor on the livelihood of the villages in Gachsaran City. The statistical population of the research included 500 rural women randomly in Gachsaran City, of which 139 were selected and surveyed by simple random method. The data collection tool was a questionnaire. The validity of the research tool was confirmed by the professors of the University of Tehran's promotion and development department and subject experts, and its reliability was calculated and confirmed using Cronbach's alpha test during the distribution of 30 questionnaires in the pre-test stage. LISREL 8.8 and SPSS 26 software were used to perform statistical tests. Also, in order to investigate the impact of livelihood assets on the sustainability of rural women's livelihood, it was done using the structural equation modeling method with the help of Lisrel 8.8 software.
The results showed that the structures of livelihood assets including human capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital, and economic capital have a significant and positive effect on the livelihood of rural women in Gachsaran City. Also, the goodness of fit indices showed that the structural model of the research has a good and acceptable fit. In addition, the human capital index (λ = 0.61) was assigned the first importance and priority for measuring the sustainable livelihood of rural women.
Key Words: Rural Women, Rural livelihood, Sustainable livelihood, Structural Equation Modeling, Sustainable rural development.
Introduction: Rural women in developing countries play a very important role in providing for their families, producing agricultural and livestock products, managing natural resources, and preserving the environment. However, due to a lack of access to resources and economic opportunities, only a small fraction of rural women have been able to take advantage of the available facilities and opportunities. Therefore, paying attention to the needs and problems of rural women and creating employment, education, and empowerment opportunities is of great importance. Additionally, planning and policies specifically designed to support rural women can promote their status and contribute to sustainable development in developing countries. Research shows that rural women are very important and influential in the most crucial economic, social, and environmental areas. However, they face many challenges that have limited their development. Lack of access to resources, weak social and cultural structures, lack of education, gender discrimination, and neglect of women's issues are just some of the challenges that have caused rural women to lag behind in developing countries. Given that rural women can provide for their families and produce food products, supporting this group is crucial. In this regard, appropriate social and economic policies should be created to meet the needs and create job opportunities and education for rural women.
Key strategies for promoting sustainable rural livelihoods include improving access to markets and financial services, supporting small-scale farmers and agro-enterprises, investing in rural infrastructure such as roads and telecommunications, promoting sustainable natural resource management practices, and providing education and training to rural communities. By investing in sustainable rural livelihoods, we create opportunities for people to improve their lives and build more resilient communities, while also ensuring the responsible use of natural resources for future generations. Based on this, the current research was conducted with the aim of analyzing and investigating the impact of livelihood assets on the sustainability of rural women's livelihood in Gachsaran City.
Methodology: Analysis and investigation of the effect of the effective factor on the livelihood of the villages in Gachsaran City. The statistical population of the research included 500 rural women randomly in Gachsaran City, of which 139 were selected and surveyed by simple random method. The data collection tool was a questionnaire. The validity of the research tool was confirmed by the professors of the University of Tehran's promotion and development department and subject experts, and its reliability was calculated and confirmed using Cronbach's alpha test during the distribution of 30 questionnaires in the pre-test stage. LISREL 8.8 and SPSS 26 software were used to perform statistical tests. Also, in order to investigate the impact of livelihood assets on the sustainability of rural women's livelihood, it was done using the structural equation modeling method with the help of Lisrel 8.8 software.
Results: In order to check the importance and priority of the variables of each structure of livelihood assets, the coefficient of variation was used. Then, in order to investigate the importance of each structure and its impact on the sustainable livelihood of rural women under study, structural equation modeling was used.
Discussion: The results showed that the structures of livelihood assets including human, social, environmental, physical, and economic capital have a significant and positive impact on the livelihood of rural women in Gachsaran city. Also, the goodness of fit indices showed that the structural model of the research has a good and acceptable fit. In addition, the human capital index (λ = 0.61) was assigned the first importance and priority for measuring the sustainable livelihood of rural women
Conclusion: The results showed that the structures of livelihood assets including human capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital, and economic capital have a significant and positive effect on the livelihood of rural women in Gachsaran City. Based on this, among the solutions to improve the livelihood of rural women are: 1) Organizations and other planning and policy-making officials pay due attention to the activities of rural women and improve the field of improving their livelihood according to the existing conditions. 2) In order to help poor and vulnerable rural women and families, they can act by providing appropriate financial assistance, such as setting up rural micro-funds.

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Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 25 September 2023
  • Receive Date: 26 June 2023
  • Revise Date: 13 September 2023
  • Accept Date: 24 September 2023