Analysis of Knowledge Map of Livelihood Resilience of Rural Tourism Destinations Using VOSviewer

Document Type : Thesis Article


1 PhD Student, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Tourism Research Institute, Cultural Heritage and Tourism Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.


Applying livelihood resilience thinking in the research of rural tourism destinations is a new perspective on sustainable tourism. Despite conducting studies in the field, a comprehensive review and analysis of this entire field is limited and a comprehensive knowledge map has not been done. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to analyze the knowledge map of livelihood resilience of rural tourism destinations, based on the review of 886 documents including books, articles, etc.; also, map analysis in this area is a topic in Iran-related research based on the review of 15 article-type documents taken from the Scopus database. By searching the keyword "livelihood resilience of rural tourism destinations" from 2003 to July 2023 and then by adding the word Iran, this search was carried out from 2016 to July 2023 for research related to Iran, to analyze the science. Analysis of co-citation of previous studies, co-authorship, and co-occurrence of keywords in VOSviewer software. The findings showed that authors such as Yiling, Ying and Jay have published the highest scientific documents in the world and Azadi and Savari in connection with Iran. The co-occurrence analysis of the words, at the global level and also in relation to Iran, for each of them revealed four research clusters in the livelihood resilience studies of rural tourism destinations, whose core keywords include tourism, resilience, livelihood, tourism destination, sustainability, tourism development, ecotourism and sustainable development. This comprehensive and systematic study is a valuable reference for future research.


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