Analysis of Knowledge Map of Livelihood Resilience of Rural Tourism Destinations Using VOSviewer

Document Type : Thesis Article

Authors

1 PhD Student, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Tourism Research Institute, Cultural Heritage and Tourism Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Applying livelihood resilience thinking in the research of rural tourism destinations is a new perspective on sustainable tourism. Despite conducting studies in the field, a comprehensive review and analysis of this entire field is limited and a comprehensive knowledge map has not been done. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to analyze the knowledge map of livelihood resilience of rural tourism destinations, based on the review of 886 documents including books, articles, etc.; also, map analysis in this area is a topic in Iran-related research based on the review of 15 article-type documents taken from the Scopus database. By searching the keyword "livelihood resilience of rural tourism destinations" from 2003 to July 2023 and then by adding the word Iran, this search was carried out from 2016 to July 2023 for research related to Iran, to analyze the science. Analysis of co-citation of previous studies, co-authorship, and co-occurrence of keywords in VOSviewer software. The findings showed that authors such as Yiling, Ying and Jay have published the highest scientific documents in the world and Azadi and Savari in connection with Iran. The co-occurrence analysis of the words, at the global level and also in relation to Iran, for each of them revealed four research clusters in the livelihood resilience studies of rural tourism destinations, whose core keywords include tourism, resilience, livelihood, tourism destination, sustainability, tourism development, ecotourism and sustainable development. This comprehensive and systematic study is a valuable reference for future research.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Armitage, D., Béné, C., Charles, A. T., Johnson, D., & Allison, E. H. (2012). The interplay of well-being and resilience in applying a social-ecological perspective. Ecology and Society, 17(4).
Badri, S. A., Tahmasbi, S., & Hajari, B. (2021). Sciento-metrics Approach to Disaster Resilience Studies in Iran. Journal of Spatial Analysis of Environmental Hazards, 8(3), 33-52. (In Persian).
Béné, C., Newsham, A., Davies, M., Ulrichs, M., & Godfrey-Wood, R. (2014). Resilience, poverty and development. Journal of international development, 26(5), 598-623.
Bramwell, B., & Lane, B. (2009). Economic cycles, times of change and sustainable tourism.
Butler, R. W. (1980). The concept of a tourist area cycle of evolution: Implications for management of resources. Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien, 24(1), 5-12.
Butler, R. W. (1999). Sustainable tourism: A state-of-the-art review. Tourism geographies, 1(1), 7-25.
Çengel, O., & Koc, A. (2022). Bibliometric review of studies on sustainable tourism and climate change in 2019. Turismo y Sociedad, 31, 161-176.‏
Chen, C. (2004). Searching for intellectual turning points: Progressive knowledge domain visualization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(suppl_1), 5303-5310.
Chen, C., Chen, Y., Horowitz, M., Hou, H., Liu, Z., & Pellegrino, D. (2009). Towards an explanatory and computational theory of scientific discovery. Journal of Informetrics, 3(3), 191-209.
Chen, F., Xu, H., & Lew, A. A. (2020). Livelihood resilience in tourism communities: The role of human agency. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 28(4), 606-624.
Della Corte, V., Del Gaudio, G., Sepe, F., & Luongo, S. (2021). Destination resilience and innovation for advanced sustainable tourism management: A bibliometric analysis. Sustainability, 13(22), 12632.
Donthu, N., Kumar, S., & Pattnaik, D. (2020). Forty-five years of Journal of Business Research: A bibliometric analysis. Journal of business research, 109, 1-14.
Espiner, S., Orchiston, C., & Higham, J. (2017). Resilience and sustainability: A complementary relationship? Towards a practical conceptual model for the sustainability–resilience nexus in tourism. Journal of sustainable tourism, 25(10), 1385-1400.
Fan, Y., Shi, X., Li, X., & Feng, X. (2022). Livelihood resilience of vulnerable groups in the face of climate change: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environmental Development, 100777.
Gautam, Y. (2017). Seasonal migration and livelihood resilience in the face of climate change in Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 37(4), 436-445.
Guan, H., Huang, T., & Guo, X. (2023). Knowledge Mapping of Tourist Experience Research: Based on CiteSpace Analysis. SAGE Open, 13(2), 21582440231166844.‏
Guleria, D., & Kaur, G. (2021). Bibliometric analysis of ecopreneurship using VOSviewer and RStudio Bibliometrix, 1989–2019. Library Hi Tech, 39(4), 1001-1024.‏
Hall, C. M., Scott, D., & Gössling, S. (2020). Pandemics, transformations and tourism: Be careful what you wish for. Tourism geographies, 22(3), 577-598.
Ibanescu, B. C., Eva, M., & Gheorghiu, A. (2020). Questioning the role of tourism as an engine for resilience: The role of accessibility and economic performance. Sustainability, 12(14), 5527.
Ibanescu, B. C., Eva, M., Gheorghiu, A., & Iatu, C. (2022). Tourism-Induced Resilience of Rural Destinations in Relation to Spatial Accessibility. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 1-18.
Javaheri, M., Vakilimofrad, H., Amiri, M., & Khasseh, A. A. (2021). Mapping Knowledge Structure of Obstetrics and Gynecology studies: A Co-Word Analysis. Scientometrics Research Journal, 7((Issue 2, Autumn & Winter)), 137-156. (In Persian).
Jiang, Y., Ritchie, B. W., & Verreynne, M. L. (2021). Developing disaster resilience: A processual and reflective approach. Tourism Management, 87, 104374.
Kubicek, A., Breckling, B., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., & Reuter, H. (2019). Climate change drives trait-shifts in coral reef communities. Scientific Reports- Nature, 9, 1-10.
Kutzner, D. (2019). Environmental change, resilience, and adaptation in nature-based tourism: Conceptualizing the social-ecological resilience of birdwatching tour operations. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
Lacitignola, D., Petrosillo, I., Cataldi, M., & Zurlini, G. (2007). Modelling socio-ecological tourism-based systems for sustainability. Ecological modelling, 206(1-2), 191-204.
Lew, A. A. (2014). Scale, change and resilience in community tourism planning. Tourism Geographies, 16(1), 14-22.
Liu, S., & Chen, C. (2011). The effects of co-citation proximity on co-citation analysis. In Proc. of ISSI (pp. 474-484).
Li, Y., Huang, H., & Song, C. (2021). Rural economic resilience in poor areas and its enlightenment: Case study of Yangyuan County, Hebei Province. Prog. Geogr, 40, 1839-1846.
Liu, A., & Pratt, S. (2017). Tourism's vulnerability and resilience to terrorism. Tourism Management, 60, 404-417.
Liu, H., Pan, W., Su, F., Huang, J., Luo, J., Tong, L., ... & Fu, J. (2022). Livelihood Resilience of Rural Residents under Natural Disasters in China. Sustainability, 14(14), 8540.
Luthe, T., & Wyss, R. (2014). Assessing and planning resilience in tourism. Tourism Management, 44, 161-163.
Marasco, S., Cardoni, A., Noori, A. Z., Kammouh, O., Domaneschi, M., & Cimellaro, G. P. (2021). Integrated platform to assess seismic resilience at the community level. Sustainable Cities and Society, 64, 102506.‏
McKercher, B. (1999). A chaos approach to tourism. Tourism management, 20(4), 425-434.
Mill, R. C., & Morrison, A. M. (2002). The tourism system. Kendall Hunt.
Mousavi, S. K., Tabesh, M., Lahijanian, A., Jozi, S. A., & Mirfakhradini, S. H. (2023). The Analysis of Sustainability and Resilience Knowledge Map and providing a framework for it. Journal of Environmental Science Studies, 8(3), 6816-6824. (In Persian).
Nepal, S. K. (2020). Adventure travel and tourism after COVID-19–business as usual or opportunity to reset?. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 646-650.
Ofori, B.Y., Stow, A.J., Baumgartner, J.B., & Beaumont, L.J. (2017). Influence of adaptive capacity on the outcome of climate change vulnerability assessment. Scinces Report- Nature, 7, 1-12.
O'hare, G. R. E. G. O. R. Y., & Barrett, H. (1994). Effects of market fluctuations on the Sri Lankan tourist industry: resilience and change, 1981–1991. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 85(1), 39-52.
Özç─▒nar, H. (2015). Mapping teacher education domain: A document co-citation analysis from 1992 to 2012. Teaching and Teacher Education, 47, 42-61.
Pratiwi, N., Karuniasa, M., & Suroso, D. (2018). Self-organization and crop insurance to enhance livelihood resilience: A case of rice farmers in Cirebon Regency, Indonesia.
Pyke, J., De Lacy, T., Law, A., & Jiang, M. (2016). Building small destination resilience to the impact of bushfire: A case study. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 28, 49-58.
Rampini, C. (2016). Impacts of hydropower development along the Brahmaputra River in Northeast India on the resilience of downstream communities to climate change impacts. University of California, Santa Cruz.‏  
Reddy, M. V., Boyd, S. W., & Nica, M. (2020). Towards a post-conflict tourism recovery framework. Annals of tourism research, 84, 102940.
Ritchie, B. W., & Jiang, Y. (2019). A review of research on tourism risk, crisis and disaster management: Launching the annals of tourism research curated collection on tourism risk, crisis and disaster management. Annals of Tourism Research, 79, 102812.
Russell, R., & Faulkner, B. (1999). Movers and shakers: Chaos makers in tourism development. Tourism Management, 20(4), 411-423.
Ruiz-Ballesteros, E. (2011). Social-ecological resilience and community-based tourism: An approach from Agua Blanca, Ecuador. Tourism management, 32(3), 655-666.
Sarker, M.N.I., Wu, M., Alam, G.M., & Shouse, R. (2020). Livelihood resilience of riverine island dwellers in the face of natural disasters: Empirical evidence from Bangladesh. Journal of Land Use Policy, 95, 1-12.
Saarinen, J., & Gill, A. M. (2018). Introduction: Placing resilience in the sustainability frame. In Resilient Destinations and Tourism (pp. 3-12). Routledge.
Sakuma, S. (2018). Revitalizing the nation: Building resilience through ecotourism in Okinawa, Japan. In Resilient Destinations and Tourism (pp. 171-186). Routledge.
Scoones, I. (2009). Livelihoods perspectives and rural development. The journal of peasant studies, 36(1), 171-196.  
Scott, M. (2013). Resilience: a conceptual lens for rural studies? Geography compass, 7(9), 597-610.
Schlenker, W., & Lobell, D. B. (2010). Robust negative impacts of climate change on African agriculture. Environmental Research Letters, 5(1), 014010.‏
Scheffers, B. R., De Meester, L., Bridge, T. C., Hoffmann, A. A., Pandolfi, J. M., Corlett, R. T., ... & Watson, J. E. (2016). The broad footprint of climate change from genes to biomes to people. Science, 354(6313), aaf7671.
Speranza, C. I., Wiesmann, U., & Rist, S. (2014). An indicator framework for assessing livelihood resilience in the context of social–ecological dynamics. Global Environmental Change, 28, 109-119.
Strickland-Munro, J. K., Allison, H. E., & Moore, S. A. (2010). Using resilience concepts to investigate the impacts of protected area tourism on communities. Annals of tourism research, 37(2), 499-519.
Su, F., Xu, Z., & Shang, H. (2009). An Overview of Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Advances in Earth Science, 24(1), 61.
Sulaimany, A., & Rezvani, M. R. (2022). Analysis of knowledge network related to rural economy resilience against environmental hazards. Space Economy & Rural Development, 11(39), 1-24. (In Persian).
Tanner, T., Lewis, D., Wrathall, D., Bronen, R., Cradock-Henry, N., Huq, S., & Thomalla, F. (2015). Livelihood resilience in the face of climate change. Nature Climate Change, 5(1), 23-26.
Thulstrup, A.W. (2015). Livelihood resilience and adaptive capacity: tracing changes in household access to capital in central Vietnam. World Development, 74, 352-362.           
Van Oorschot, J. A., Hofman, E., & Halman, J. I. (2018). A bibliometric review of the innovation adoption literature. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 134, 1-21.
Walker, B., & Salt, D. (2012). Resilience thinking: sustaining ecosystems and people in a changing world. Island press.
Walsh-Dilley, M., Wolford, W., & McCarthy, J. (2016). Rights for resilience: food sovereignty, power, and resilience in development practice. Ecology and Society, 21(1).
Wang, T., Yang, Z., Chen, X., & Han, F. (2022). Bibliometric analysis and literature review of tourism destination resilience research. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(9), 5562.
Yang, X., Shi, Y., & Wang, Z. (2015). Exploring the impacts of road construction on a local social-ecological system in Qinling mountainous area: A resilience perspective. Acta Geogr. Sin, 70, 1313-1326.