Analysis of the Effect of Livelihood Risks on Food Insecurity in Rural Households in Divandarreh County

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture and Engineering and Rural Development, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.

2 Associate professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture and Engineering and Rural Development, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.


The main purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of livelihood risks on food insecurity in rural households. This research is a quantitative in terms of its purpose and descriptive in terms of data collection. The analyses are of correlation type. The statistical population of this study consisted of all the small-scale farming heads of households in Divandarreh County of Kurdistan province. Using Krejcie and Morgan sampling table and the stratified proportional sampling method, 375 persons were selected as the study sample. The data collection tool of the study was a questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by a panel of experts, and its reliability was established by calculating Chronbach's Alpha Coefficient (α > 0.7). The results showed that the studied farmers had high levels of food insecurity and were highly exposed to livelihood risks. Also, the correlation analyses showed positive and significant relationships between livelihood risk variables and food insecurity. The variables included agronomy (0.639), agricultural trade (0739), price (0.524), employment (0.474), health (0.541), policy making (0.425), and demographic features (0.387). In addition, as the logistic regression sequences indicated, of the livelihoods risks, agricultural production risk (0.074) had the greatest impact on the food insecurity of households.


Main Subjects

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