Functions and Challenges of Contract Farming in Kermanshah Province

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc., Department of Agricultural Extension & Education, Campus of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension & Education, Campus of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

3 PhD, Department of Agricultural Extension & Education, Campus of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.


One of the extension approaches that are suitable for use in Iran’s agricultural conditions and to solve some of the problems of this section is a commodity specialized approach. This approach applies to contractual agricultural systems. In this regard, the present study aimed to identify the functions and challenges of conventional farming in Kermanshah province. To do this research, the qualitative research method has been used. Participants in this study included all employers and their contracting parties in contractual agricultural projects in Kermanshah Province, as well as key experts in organizations that were somehow engaged in agricultural development. Purposeful sampling was used. Individual interviews, focus group interviews and observation were used to collect data. The research findings indicate that the main function of contract farming is to increase farmers' knowledge, develop the farmers' economic potential, and reduce the perceived risk for producers. Employers also were introduced to risk management of raw materials for factories, extension and agricultural development, creating brand credibility and job creation as the function of contract farming. The most important contract farming problems of the Kermanshah province are also in the field of establishing and developing contractual agricultural projects, limitations on conventional farming projects as well as insufficient adherence to contract obligations. The results of this study can be used for organizations involved in agricultural development, including Agricultural Jihad Organization and the Governorate.


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