Transformation of Iranian Post Islamic Revolution Rural Stratification (Case Study: Boinzahra Region)

Document Type : Thesis Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Development and Social Policing, Faculty of Social Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD, Department of Development and Social Policing, Faculty of Social Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


The Iranian rural stratification system has undergone many changes in the last century. The very first signs of change in the rural socio-political texture can be observed by the advent of the Iranian modern government (1926). It seemed prior to that that villages tend to be untouched areas, away from macro policies and programming, and under the control of ‘Khans, and local authorities. In rare cases, however, they lived their own life as local self-sufficient communities. After the 1979 Revolution and the dawn of a religious government, villages experienced other policies. It seemed the new ruling body was after changing them into a new socio-cultural base for the purpose of its ideology and revolutionary ambitions. Such events as the Construction Jihad and crash plans in rural areas are said to be clear examples of the government’s tendency to appear strongly in them. Stratification does not necessarily mean individuals’ economic status in villages, yet there have been efforts to analyze these changes in terms of local power and social status. The overall results of the research indicate that in the heart of the villages a variety of forms of urban economy in governmental, commercial, and some cases, industrial sectors as opposed to the agricultural economy are developing. 


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