Investigating the Impact of Socio-cultural and Belief-spiritual Components on the Morphology of the Texture of Rural Settlements (Case Study: Villages of Kojoor District of Nowshahr County)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student, Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.


Looking at the physical texture of the villages of Kojoor district, the influence of various natural, climatic, economic and social factors in the formation and location of villages in this area can be traced. The subject of the current research is the effect of socio-cultural and belief-spiritual factors on the physical characteristics of rural settlements in Kojoor district. The main aim of the research is to "investigate the impact of socio-cultural and belief-spiritual components on the morphology of the texture of rural settlements in Kojoor district of Nowshahr county". The research method used is applied-developmental. The research data has been collected by relying on library documents and field studies through participatory observation. The findings of the research show that socio-cultural components include population, ethnicity, cultural homogeneity, social relations and interactions, security, health, education, lifestyle and livelihood activities of villagers and belief-spiritual components include religious beliefs, ritual and religious ceremonies, territory and privacy, endowment and donation of land, relief and assistance to the needy and pilgrimage, worship, vows and recourse to Ahl al-Bayt (AS) on the components of the physical-spatial system of the villages of Kojoor district consisting of housing, land use, road network and the neighborhood centers have had a significant impact. There is a close connection between the mentioned components and the physical structure of the villages of Kojoor district. Also, the cohesion of socio-cultural and belief-spiritual relationships between the residents has led to physical harmony in the villages of Kojoor district of Nowshahr county.


Main Subjects

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