فراتلخیص راهبردهای بقای مزارع خانوادگی

نوع مقاله : مقاله برگرفته از پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دکتری جامعه شناسی، پژوهشگر جهاد دانشگاهی خوزستان،‌ اهواز،‌ ایران.

2 استاد، گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در این مقاله باهدف شناخت راهبردهایی که خانواده‌های کشاورز برای بقا و حفظ کسب‌وکار خانوادگی خود به کار می‌برند و عواملی که بر این راهبردها تأثیر می‌گذارند، از روش مرور نظام‌مند و راهبرد فراتلخیص استفاده شد. بدین‌ترتیب بعد از هفت مرحله غربالگری مقاله‌های گردآوری‌ شده، 61 مقاله متناسب با هدف پژوهش انتخاب و در مرحله تحلیل داده‌ها با کمک نرم‌افزار مکس‌کیودی‌اِی2020 «کدگذاری انتسابی» و «کدگذاری راهبرد «تنوع‌بخشی» (بازار-محور، اقتصاد-محور، خانواده-محور، فرد-محور)، «پایداری» (اجتماعی، اقتصادی، زیست‌محیطی) و «جانشینی» (عوامل زمینه‌ای، عوامل ارتباطی، عوامل فردی) را به کار می‌برند. مزارع خانوادگی نقش مهمی در میدان کشاورزی و امنیت غذایی حال و آینده جهان دارند. شناخت راهبردهای موفق خانواده‌های بهره‌بردار کشاورز در کشورهای پیشرفته و شناسایی عوامل تأثیرگذار بر آن‌ها، می‌تواند انگیزه‌ای برای خانواده‌های کشاورز و سیاست‌گذاران بوده و درنهایت در کنار بهره‌گیری از تجارب داخلی به بازنگری و تجدیدنظر در مورد راهبرد‌ها و سیاست‌های کشاورزی به نفع بقا و احیای مزارع خانوادگی منجر شود. 

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دوره 13، شماره 2
شهریور 1401
صفحه 190-209
  • تاریخ دریافت: 07 آذر 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 اردیبهشت 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 18 اردیبهشت 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 19 اردیبهشت 1401