A Rural Development Perspective on the Use of Children in Ghana’s Cocoa Farms Child Labour in Ghana

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension Faculty of Agriculture College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, KNUST

2 Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension

3 AAMUSTED, Mampong-Kumasi

چکیده

This study takes a rural development perspective to examine the various reasons behind the use of children under 18 years in cocoa farms in Ghana. Using the descriptive research, a sample size of 385 cocoa farmers was selected through the multi-stage sampling technique. The analyses included mean, standard deviation, frequency, percentage, and perception index. Although the level of usage of children on cocoa farms was relatively low (74%), majority of the children were involved in nursing of cocoa seedlings (87.8%), digging of holes for seedlings (76.3%), gathering of pods (55.7%) and heaping of pods (53.9%). Farmers involved children on cocoa farms for the following three reasons; to acquire indigenous knowledge of farming patterns (Mean=2.18), it is way of life for learning parents' occupation (Mean=2.18), and income source of the household (Mean=2.11). The challenge most farmers face in the use of children for farm activities was the fact that the children do not meet the required strength/energy (Mean=2.48). Policy efforts towards complete eradication of using children under 18 years on cocoa farms must take into consideration the rural nature of the environments in which cocoa farming takes place in order not for it to backfire as is the case currently.

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مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده
انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 23 آبان 1402
  • تاریخ دریافت: 27 فروردین 1402
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 28 مرداد 1402
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 18 آبان 1402