گردشگری غذا، فرصتی برای توسعة پایدار روستایی در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار بخش شهرسازی، دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

طی چند دهة گذشته، صنعت گردشگری روستایی رشد چشمگیری در جهان پیدا کرده و روزبه‌روز بر تنوع آن افزوده شده است. یکی از زیرمجموعه‌های گردشگری روستایی، گردشگری غذاست که با توجه به کارکرد و فواید آن، مورد توجه برنامه‌ریزان و سیاست‌گذاران کشورهای مختلف قرار گرفته است. در ایران با وجود برخورداری از تنوع مواد غذایی محلی و سنتی، هنوز به گردشگری غذا توجه چندانی نشده است؛ حال آنکه رشد و توسعة این بخش می‌تواند در تحرک و پویایی و توسعة همه‌جانبه و پایدار جوامع روستایی کشور نقش مؤثری ایفا کند. در نوشتار حاضر با رویکرد توصیفی و تحلیلی به بررسی برخی از متون و مطالعات مطرح در این زمینه و واکاوی ابعاد گوناگون گردشگری غذا و کارکردهای آن پرداخته شده است؛ تا ضمن مطرح‌شدن مطالعات این حوزه در کشور، بستری برای مطالعة عمیق‌تر بعدی فراهم آید. یافته‌های این بررسی نشان می‌دهند که گردشگری غذا در اغلب کشورهایی که در برنامه‌ریزهای خود بدان توجه مناسب کرده‌اند، توانسته است آثار مثبتی در توسعة پایدار روستایی و منطقه‌ای ایجاد کند و منجر به رونق اقتصادی و شکل‌گیری هویت منحصربه‌فرد برای این جوامع شود. بررسی‌های اولیه نشان می‌دهند که کشور ایران قابلیت‌های زیادی در زمینة گردشگری غذا دارد و با رفع چالش‌ها و مشکلات موجود در این خصوص می‌توان از کارکردهای این نوع گردشگری درجهت توسعة پایدار روستایی کشور بهره برد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

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