نوع‌شناسی ادراکات کشاورزان گندم‌کار و سبزی‌کار نسبت به تغییرات آب‌وهوایی با استفاده از روش‌شناسی کیو (مورد مطالعه: شهرستان حمیدیه خوزستان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین، خوزستان، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین، خوزستان، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین، خوزستان، ایران.

چکیده

تغییرات آب‌وهوایی و گرمایش جهانی، یکی از مسائل مهم جهان در قرن بیست‌ویکم است که اثر منفی درخورتوجهی بر جامعه انسانی به‌ویژه بخش کشاورزی می‌گذارد. ازآنجاکه ادراک کشاورزان در زمینه تغییرات آب‌وهوایی، با نگرش و رفتار آنان برای مقابله و کنارآمدن با این مشکل ارتباط مستقیم دارد، شناخت ادراکات آن‌ها برای برنامه‌ریزی و سیاست‌گذاری مهم و ضروری است. ازطرف‌دیگر همه کشاورزان تغییرات آب‌وهوایی را به یک شکل درک نمی‌کنند و در نگرش کشاورزان ناهمگونی به‌چشم می‌خورد. مطالعه حاضر با استفاده از روش کیو به‌منظور نوع‌شناسی ادراکات کشاورزان شهرستان حمیدیه دربرابر تغییرات آب‌وهوایی انجام شده است. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از نسخه 2014 نرم‌افزار پی.کیو مِتُد استفاده شد. تحلیل عاملی رتبه‌بندی‌ها نشان می‌دهد دو دیدگاه حمایت‌طلبان و سازشگران در میان 27 کشاورز سبزی‌کار و دو دیدگاه منفعلان تقدیرگرا و ناامیدان در میان 19 کشاورز گندم‌کار وجود دارد. دیدگاه‌های مختلف نشان می‌دهد که افراد مختلف تفکرهای مختلفی درباره علل، اثرها، اثربخشی درک‌شده، مسئولیت‌پذیری، سازگاری و تمایل به کاهش گازهای گلخانه‌ای و تغییرات آب‌وهوایی دارند. شناسایی این دیدگاه‌های مختلف می‌تواند بر سیاست‌گذاری‌های کشور درزمینه مبارزه با این بلای طبیعی به‌صورت مستقیم اثرگذار باشد و سیاست‌های خاصی برای هر طبقه به‌وجود آورد و درنتیجه تأثیر پیام‌ها را افزایش و هزینه‌ها را کاهش دهد.

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