مقایسه امنیت غذایی روستاییان با نگرش و فرهنگ تغذیه مختلف در سه منطقه آب‌وهوایی جنوب استان کرمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

چکیده

نوع تغذیه باتوجه‌به نوع جامعه روستایی یا شهری می‌تواند به شکلی متفاوت باشد؛ زیرا تغذیه انسان از یک‌سو با عواملی نظیر محیط‌های آب‌وهوایی، فنی، اجتماعی‌اقتصادی، فرهنگی و سابقه تاریخی و از سوی دیگر با نگرش شناختی و رفتاری انسان‌ها مرتبط است. این تحقیق باهدف بررسی امنیت غذایی در مناطق مختلف آب‌وهوایی جنوب استان کرمان انجام شد. تحقیق حاضر از نوع کاربردی است که با روش پیمایش انجام شده و داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه جمع‌آوری شده است. جامعه آماری را خانوارهای روستایی جنوب استان کرمان تشکیل می‌دهد که از بین آن‌ها 390 خانوار با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای با انتساب متناسب انتخاب شدند. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از نسخه 21 نرم‌افزار SPSS و تکنیک‌های آماری توصیفی و استنباطی استفاده شد. بنابر نتایج تحقیق، امنیت غذایی افراد مطالعه‌شده به‌طور کل در سطح ضعیفی قرار دارد؛ ضمن اینکه وضعیت امنیت غذایی خانوارهای روستایی در مناطق مختلف نیز متفاوت است. به‌طوری‌که خانوارهای منطقه سرد و معتدل امنیت غذایی بالاتری دارند و پس‌ازآن به ترتیب خانوارهای مناطق معتدل و گرم و خشک قرار دارند؛ یکی از دلایل این امر می‌تواند ناشی از متغیربودن تولیدات کشاورزی در طول سال در این مناطق باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


[The southern part of Kerman province is still grappling with poverty and deprivation (Persian)]. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.halil.ir/fa/ew_news_2664.ashx
Akhondi, M. (2008). [A look at food and nutrition from Islamic perspective (Persian)]. Hasoon, 15, 175-90.
Azar, M. (1998). [Food and nutrition security: the security of the operation (Persian)]. Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Bakhtiari, S., & Haghi, Z. (2003). [Investigation of food security and human development in Islamic countries (Persian)]. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 11(43, 44), 21-52.
Behroozeh, S. (2014). [Explaining the Islamic-Iranian food security model: South villages of Kerman province (Persian)] (MA thesis). Shiraz: Shiraz University.
Bickel, G., Nord, M., Price, C., Hamilton, W. L., & Cook, J. (2000). Guide to measuring household food security. Washington, D. C.: United States Department of Agriculture.
Center of Kerman Studies. (2000). [Kerman at a glance (Persian)] (1st ed.). Kerman: Center of Kerman Studies Publication.
Environment News. (2013). [The impact of climate change on life on earth (Persian)]. Retrieved from http://www.asriran.com/fa/news/267300
FAO. (2002). Report of the World Food Summit: Five years later (1st ed.). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Galal, O. (2003). Nutrition-related health patterns in the Middle East. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 12(3), 337-43.
Ghaderpoor, Y. (2007). [Feeding place in the culture of the Kurdish people from the perspective of anthropology (Case study: city of Bukan) (Persian)] (MA thesis). Hamadan: Bu Ali Sina University.
Ghahraman, N., & Mahdavian, A. (2014). [Human food security challenges and the need for climate models using the product (Persian)]. Hamadan: Meteorological Organization of Hamedan Province.
Gharavi Nakhjavani, S. A. (2006). [The poverty of Iranian households during the last Two decades (Persian)]. Social Welfare Quarterly, 5(17), 93-118.
Ghasemi, H. (1995). [Theoretical basics and definitions of food security (Persian)]. Tehran: Agricultural Planning, Economic and Rural Development Research Institute.
Ghazali Jahromy, T. (2012). [Human and climate impact on him (Persian)]. Retrieved from: http://ghazalii.blogfa.com/post-52.aspx
Ghias, M., Seidaei, A., Taghdisi, A., Roozbehani, R., Poursafa, P., Barghi, H., et al. (2000). [The impact of weather on some psychological and behavioral disorders among 4-7-year-old children in rural area of Isfahan province according to medical geography (Persian)]. Journal of Isfahan Medical School, 28(122), 1745-751.
Ghodrat, R. (2005). [The study of knowledge and practice of health workers in primary schools in Kerman toward nutritional status in 1382 (Persian)] (PhD thesis). Kerman: Kerman University of Medical Sciences.
Herzberg, S. (1993). Nutrition and public health from the perspective of epidemiology and prevention policies [A. Keshavarz, (Persian trans.)]. Tehran:: Tehran University Publication.
News Station and Analysis of Kerman Province (Halil). (2011, November 29). [The southern part of Kerman province is still grappling with poverty and deprivation (In Persian)] [Internet]. Retrieved from http://www.halil.ir/fa/ew_news_2664.ashx. Date of publication: November 29, 2011.
Jahangiri, J., & Rajabi, M. (2002). [Investigation of culture and nutritional literacy among women of Shiraz (Persian)]. Journal of Social Sciences, 16(2), 75-97.
Kamkar, B., & Mahdavi Damghani, A. (2007). [Principles of sustainable agriculture (Persian)] (1st ed.). Mashhad: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
Kerjcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-10. doi: 10.1177/001316447003000308
Kurz, M. K., & Johnson-Welch, C. (2001). Enhancing women’s contributions to improving family food consumption and nutrition. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 22(4), 443-53.
Malick, D., & Rafi, M. (2009). Are female-head household more food insecure? Evidence form Bangladesh. World Development, 38(4), 593-605. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.11.004
Matheson, D. M., Varady, J., Varady, A., & Killen, J. D. (2002). Householdfood security and nutritional status of Hispanic children in the fifth grade 1, 2 and 3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76(1), 210-17. PMID: 12081837
Melgar-Quinonez, H., Zubieta, A., Mknelly, B., Nteziyaremye, A., Gerardo, M., & Dunford, C. (2006). Household food insecurity and food expenditure in Bolivia, Burkina Faso, and the Philippines. Journal of Nutrition, 136(5), 1431-437. PMID: 16614440
Ministry of Agriculture. (2010). [Agricultural statistics (Persian)]. Retrieved from www.http://amar.maj.ir/Portal/Home/Default.aspx?CategoryID=117564e0-507c-4565-9659-fbabfb4acb9b
Mohseni, M. (2006). [Medical sociology (Persian)] (8th ed.). Tehran: Tahoori Publication.
Moshfegh, Zh. (2002). [Examine the functioning of the cartoon in the city of Shiraz Jihad Agriculture Organization experts attitude change towards sustainable agriculture (Persian)] (MA thesis). Shiraz: Shiraz University.
Nord, M., & Parker, L. (2010). How adecuately are food needs of children in low-income hoseholds being met? Journal of Children and youth Services Reviev, 32(9), 1175-185. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.03.005
Nord, M., Andrews, M., & Carlson, S. (2009). Measuring food security in the U. S: Hosehold food security in the United States, 2008. Washington, D. C.: United States Department of Agriculture.
Ouetlette, J. A., & Wood, W. (1998). Habit and Intention in Every Day Life; The multiple processes by which past behavior predict future behavior. Journal of Nutrition Psychonomic Bulletin, 124(1), 54-74. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.124.1.54
Papi, A. (2015). [Its natural environment and climate cultured people (Persian)]. Retrieved from http://vista.ir/article/314420
Pawlak, R., & Colby, S. (2009). Benefits, barriers, self-efficacy and knowledge regarding healthy foods; perception of African Americans living in eastern North Carolina. Journal of Nutrition Research and Practice, 3(1), 56-63. doi: 10.4162/nrp.2009.3.1.56
Robinson, K. H. (2000). Nutrition principles [V. Khaldi, (Persian trans.). Tehran: Salemi Publication.
Salarkia, N., Amini, M., Abdollahi, M., & Eshrati, B. (2000). [Socio-economic and cultural factors affecting child feeding practices: Anexploratory qualitative study in Damavand (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Technology, 5(4), 75-86.
Shafaghi, S. (2005). [Isfahan of Geography (Persian)]. Isfahan: Isfahan University Press.
Smith, L. C., Amani, E. L., & Jensen, H. H. (1999). The geography and causes of food insecurity in developing countries. Journal of Nutrition Agricultural Economics, 22(2), 199-215. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-0862.2000.tb00018.x
South Kerman Aricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center. (2014). The introduction of Jiroft [Internet]. Retrieved from http://jiroft.areo.ir/HomePage.aspx?TabID=9995&Site=jiroft.areo&Lang=fa-IR
Statistical Center of Iran. (2001). [Directory actuaries. Project cost and household income in 1379 (Persian)]. Retrieved from http://www.amar.org.ir/Default.aspx
Taghavi Shirazi, M. (2004). [Nutrition (Persian)]. Journal of Health, 2, 381-98.
Turrell, G. (1996). Structural, material and economic influences on the food- purchasing choices of socioeconomic groups. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 26(6), 611-617. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-842x.1996.tb01075.x
Yildirim, I., & Ceylan, M. (2008). Urban and rural households fresh chicken meat consumption behaviors in Turkey. Journal of Nutrition Nutrition and Food Science, 38(2), 154-63. doi: 10.1108/00346650810863037