اثر مؤلفه ‏های سرمایه اجتماعی بر سلامت روان زنان روستایی و عشایری عضو صندوق‏ های اعتبارات خرد (مورد مطالعه: استان کرمان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی مطالعه حاضر تحلیل اثر مؤلفه‏ های سرمایه اجتماعی بر سلامت روان زنان روستایی و عشایری عضو صندوق ‏های اعتبارات خرد استان کرمان است. این پژوهش از نوع پژوهش ‏های توصیفی- همبستگی است که با استفاده از فن پیمایش انجام شد. جامعه آماری مورد مطالعه، 1146 نفر از اعضای صندوق ‏های اعتبارات خرد زنان روستایی و عشایری بود که تعداد 300 نفر از آن‌ها با بهره‎گیری از جدول کریجسی و مورگان و روش نمونه‎گیری تصادفی طبقه‏ ای با انتساب متناسب انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامه‏ای بود که روایی آن توسط متخصصان دانشگاهی ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی و سلامت روان تأیید شد و پایایی آن ‌هم با یک مطالعه‎ راهنما و ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ، محقق گردید (89/0≥ α≥72/0). یافته ‏های حاصل از تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که مؤلفه ‏های اعتماد اجتماعی، تعامل اجتماعی، مشارکت اجتماعی، انسجام اجتماعی، مبادله اطلاعات با نظام اجتماعی و روابط غیررسمی دارای همبستگی مثبت و معنی‏داری با متغیر سلامت روان زنان هستند. فزون بر این، طبق نتایج تحلیل رگرسیونی متغیرهای اعتماد اجتماعی، تعامل اجتماعی، انسجام اجتماعی و مبادله اطلاعات با نظام اجتماعی توانستند 9/61 درصد از تغییرات سلامت روان زنان روستایی و عشایری را تبیین نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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