واکاوی سازه‌های فردی و اجتماعی مؤثر بر توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی با تأکید بر بخش کشاورزی کامفیروز شهرستان مرودشت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشکده ادبیات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

مسالۀ احیای مناطق روستایی و محیطی از طریق توسعۀ کارآفرینی کشاورزی، توجّه زیادی را به خود معطوف کرده است. از این‌رو، هدف اصلی این پژوهش توصیفی ـ همبستگی، واکاوی سازه‌های فردی و اجتماعی مؤثر بر توسعۀ کارآفرینی روستایی با تأکید بر کشاورزی است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش 3106 خانوار روستایی در بخش کامفیروز بودند که با توجّه به جدول بارتلت و همکاران، 197 نفر از آن‌ها از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای با انتساب متناسب انتخاب شدند. روایی صوری پرسش‌نامه با نظر متخصصان مورد تأیید قرار گرفت و روایی سازه و پایایی ترکیبی ابزار پژوهش نیز، از طریق برآورد مدل اندازه‌گیری و پس از انجام اصلاحات لازم به دست آمد. داده‌های گردآوری شده با نرم‌افزارهایSPSSwin22  و AMOS21 تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که هر پنج فرضیۀ اصلی پژوهش مورد پذیرش قرار گرفته و هریک از سازه‌های فردی و اجتماعی (سرمایۀ اجتماعی، هنجارهای ذهنی، حمایت خانوادگی ادراک شده، باور به خود کارآمدی و تأکید بر نهادهای محلی)، اثر مثبت و معناداری بر متغیر وابسته داشته‌اند و درمجموع حدود 54 درصد از واریانس توسعۀ کارآفرینی روستایی با تأکید بر بخش کشاورزی را در منطقۀ موردمطالعه تبیین کرده‌اند. در پایان، بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش پیشنهاداتی نیز ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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