تحلیل عوامل کلیدی موثر بر شکل‌دهی الگوی آمایش فضاهای روستایی با رویکرد آینده‌نگاری (مورد مطالعه: استان لرستان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار جغرافیای روستایی، گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد جغرافیای روستایی، گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 دانشیار برنامه‌ریزی منطقه‌ای، گروه طراحی شهری، دانشکده معماری و هنر، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران.

چکیده

برنامه‌های توسعه و عمران روستایی بر اساس الگو‌های مختلف در استان لرستان، توفیق مورد انتظار را در رونق اقتصادی و بهبود زندگی روستاییان نداشته و به لحاظ اجتماعی در نهادینه کردن مشارکت روستاییان و توانمندسازی آنان موفقیت چندانی کسب ننموده است. برای‌ از بین بردن این آثار منفی از فضاهای روستایی استان، ضروری است که عوامل کلیدی مؤثر برای ارائه الگوی آمایش فضاهای روستایی با رویکرد آینده‌نگاری به عنوان هدف اصلی این تحقیق شناسایی و تحلیل گردد. بدین روی‌ در این تحقیق با استفاده از روش‌های‌ دلفی‌، پنل متخصصان و تحلیل تأثیرات متقابل با کمک نرم‌افزار MicMac  عوامل کلیدی مؤثر در طراحی الگوی آمایش فضاهای روستایی شناسایی‌ و تحلیل شده است. نتایج به دست آمده نشان می‌‌دهد که از 40 مسئله و مشکل اصلی‌ برنامه‌های‌ روستایی‌، 13 عامل چشم‌انداز روستایی، آینده‌نگاری، محیط‌زیست، ساختار اقتصاد روستایی، حکمروایی روستایی، سناریوهای جایگزین، ویژگی‌های مناطق، آمایش سرزمین، مشارکت روستاییان، اصول توسعه فضایی روستایی، ظرفیت محلی و سرمایه اجتماعی، مدیریت روستایی و همگرایی- واگرایی بخش‌ها مهم‌ترین عوامل کلیدی‌ مؤثر بر طراحی‌ الگوی آمایش فضاهای روستایی لرستان محسوب می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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