کاوش عمیق معنای خانه بومی به روش پدیدار‌شناسی (مورد مطالعه: خانه روستایی منطقه موکریان ایران)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای معماری، گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به مطالعه کیفی معنای معماری خانه‌های بومی منطقه ‌موکریان ‌ایران از منظر پدیدارشناسی می‌پردازد. هدف نهایی از نگرش ناب به معماری خانه‌های موکریان، کشف و آشکارگی نظام معنایی حاصل از گوهر دریافت ماهیت و جوهر آن‌ها و فهم هستی و نحوه هستی یافتن خانه‌ها است. رویکرد پژوهش حاضر، پدیدارشناسی و نظام تجزیه‌وتحلیل اطلاعات و ارائه نظریه نهایی آن، کیفی ‌-روش ‌نظریه ‌ون‌مانن و روش ‌MST- است. محقق با حضور در منطقه موردپژوهش و غوطه‌وری در معماری خانه‌های موکریان و انجام مصاحبه‌های باز و عمیق و ثبت تحریرهای میدانی در ذیل سرفصل‌های تجربه زیسته، تجربه نیابتی و خصائص ‌هستندگی نسبت به گردآوری ‌اطلاعات اقدام نموده و تفاسیر ‌مهم، 87 عبارت و 15 تم‌‌‌معنی به عنوان مؤلفه‌های ‌اصلی معنا بخش خانه‌های بومی موکریان شناسایی و تدوین گردید. با یکپارچه کردن، مقایسه، و تعمق پیرامون معیار‌های به دست آمده، یک مقوله ‌هسته تحت‌عنوان "خانه موکریان‌:‌ بازنمون‌ خویشتن، تجلی‌ حس ‌بودن و تبیین ‌هستی ‌انسان" به‌عنوان معنای حقیقی خاص خانه‌های ‌منطقه‌ موکریان ایران انتخاب گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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