برساخت اجتماعی خشکسالی در میان کشاورزان (مورد مطالعه: بخش مرکزی و غربی استان اصفهان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

4 استاد، گروه مطالعات فرهنگی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به تحلیل جامعه‌شناختی پدیده خشکسالی از منظر کشاورزان استان اصفهان بر اساس رویکردی تفسیری - برساختی پرداخته است. روش پژوهش از نوع کیفی است. داده‌ها از طریق انجام مصاحبه‌های عمیق نیمه‌ساخت‌یافته جمع‌آوری شد. حجم نمونه 35 نفر از کشاورزان بخش مرکزی و غربی استان اصفهان بود که بر مبنای نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از نوع حداکثرِ تنوع انتخاب شدند. مبنای اتمام مصاحبه‌ها اشباع نظری بوده است. برای تحلیل داده‌های حاصل از مصاحبه‌ها، از روش نظریه زمینه‌ای استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن بود که خشکسالی از دیدگاه کشاورزان یک پدیده چند لایه‌ای است که دارای عللی چندگانه است. به طور کلی، کشاورزان 4 عامل اصلی را به عنوان علل پدیده خشکسالی بیان نموده‌اند: «حکمرانی ناکارآمد آب»، «کشاورزی خودمدار»، «تغییرات اقلیمی»، «علل تقدیرگرایانه». این عوامل در تعامل با یکدیگر، پدیده خشکسالی را شکل می‌دهند. یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر می‌تواند در زمینه سیاست‌گذاری‌های مرتبط با کشاورزی و توسعه حکمرانی خوب در این زمینه مؤثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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