Aggarwal, P. K., Singh, A. K. (2010), Implications of global climatic change on water and food security. In C. Ringler, A. K. Biswas, and A. C. Sarah (Eds.), Global change: Influences water and food security. New York: Springer.
Basto, S. Thompson, K. Grime, P. Fridley, J. D. Calhim, S. Askew, A. P. and Rees, M. (2018), severe effects of long-term drought on calcareous grassland seed banks, Climate and Atmospheric Science, 1(1): 1-7.
Bunce. M, Rosendo. S, Brown. K (2010), Perceptions of climate change, multiple stressors and livelihoods on marginal African coasts Environment, Development and Sustainability, 12(3), 407-440.
Cutter, S. L. Ash, K. D. and Christopher T. E. (2016), Urban–Rural Differences in Disaster Resilience, Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 106(6): 1236-1252.
Dayal, K. S. Deo, R. C. and Apan. A. A. (2018), Spatio-temporal drought risk mapping approach and its application in the drought-prone region of southeast Queensland, Australia, Natural Hazards, 91(1): 1-25.
De Silva, M. M. G. T. and Kawasaki, A. (2018), Analysis Socioeconomic Vulnerability to Disaster Risk: A Case Study of Flood and Drought Impact in a Rural Sri Lankan Community, Ecological Economics, 152(3): 131-140.
Eigenbrode, S. D. Binns, W. and Huggins, D. R. (2018), Confronting Climate Change Challenges to Dryland Cereal Production: A Call for Collaborative, Transdisciplinary Research, and Producer Engagement, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 164(5): 1-15.
Elias, E. Reyes, J. and Steele, C. (2018), Diverse landscapes, diverse risks: synthesis of the special issue on climate change and adaptive capacity in a hotter, drier Southwestern United States, Climatic Change, 148(3): 339-353.
Emetere, M. E. Akinyemi, M. L. Ojewumi, M. E. and Muhammad, B. M. (2018), exploring the challenges confronting the West Africa climate system, International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3): 1881-1887.
Eriksen, S. Aldunce, P. Bahinipati, C. S. Martins, R. D., Molefe, J. I. Nhemachena, C. O’brien, K. Olorunfem, F.,Park, J., Sygna, L., Ulsrud, K.,(2011), When not every response to climate change is a good one: Identifying principles for sustainable adaptation. Journal Climate and Development, 3(11): 7-20.
Fazel Nia, G. Rajai, M. and Hakim Dost, S. Y. (2012), Climate Drought, Spatial, and Spatial Consequences in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Ghareh Poshtlou High district, Zanjan township, Quarterly Journal of Village and Development, 15(3): 57-72. [In Persian].
Feola. G, Lerner. A. M, Jain. M, Montefrio. M. J. F and Kimberly Nicholas, (2016), Researching farmer behaviour in climate change adaptation and sustainable agriculture: Lessons learned from five case studies Researching farmer behaviour in climate change adaptation and sustainable agriculture: Lessons learned from five case studies, Journal of Rural Studies, 39(5): 74-84.
Garrick, D. E. (2018), Decentralization and drought adaptation: applying the subsidiarity principle in transboundary river basins, International Journal of the Commons, 12(1): 301-331.
Ghobadi Ali Abadi, S. Chizari, M. and Sediqi, H. (2016), Analysis of the behavior and environmental attitudes of the villagers in the face of drought (Case study: Kermanshah township), Regional Planning, 6 (21): 143-154. [In Persian].
Ghulami, M. and Ali Beigi, A. H. (2014), Identification of Native Drought Management Techniques (Case Study: Sar pol Zahab township), Rural Researches of Tehran, 5(3): 611-638. [In Persian].
Gray, C. and Mueller, V. (2012), Drought and Population Mobility in Rural Ethiopia, World Development, 40(1): 134-145.
Habiba, U. Shaw, R. and Takeuchi, Y. (2012), Farmer’s perception and adaptation practices to cope with drought: Perspectives from Northwestern Bangladesh, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 1(1): 72-84.
Heydari Sarban, V. and Bakhtar, S. (2015), Study of Drought Coping Strategies in Rural Areas from the Perspectives of Jihad-e-Agriculture Experts, Case Study: Isfahan Province, Geography and Environmental Studies, 4(15): 19-34. [In Persian].
IPCC. Climate Change (2014), Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, Part a: Global and Sectoral Aspects. In Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; Cambridge University Press: New York, NY, USA.
Jafari, F. Shaban Ali Fami, H. Daneshvar Ameri, J. (2015), Investigating and analyzing the extent of using drought control operations by farmers in Tarom Oliya, Agriculture Economics and Development Research, 64(1): 64-95. [In Persian].
Joyce, L. A, Briske, D. D, Brown, J. R. Polley, H. W. McCarl, B. A. and Bailey, D. W. (2013), Climate Change and North American Rangelands: Assessment of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies, Rangeland Ecology & Management, 66(5): 512-528.
Kardavani, P. (2001), Drought and Coping with it in Iran, First Edition, Tehran University Press, Tehran. [In Persian].
Keshavarz, M. and Karami, E. (2008), Effective Structures on Farmers’ Drought Management and its Consequences, Application of Structural Equations, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology and Natural Resources, 12(43): 267-283. [In Persian].
Kumar, V. Del Vasto-Terrientes, L. Valls, A. and Schumacher, M. (2016), Adaptation Strategies for Water Supply Management in a Drought Prone Mediterranean River Basin: Application of Outranking Method, Science of the Total Environment, 540(3): 334-357.
Manyeruke, C. Mhandara, L. (2013), the Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Food Security in Zimbabwe: A Socio-Economic and Political Analysis, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(6): 270-286.
Mardy, T. Uddin, M. N. Sarker, M. A. Roy, D. and Dunn, E. S. (2018), Assessing Coping Strategies in Response to Drought: A Micro Level Study in the North-West Region of Bangladesh, Climate, 6(2): pp 1-18.
Mariano, D. A. Dos Santos, C. A. C. Wardlow, B. D. Anderson, M. Schiltmeyer, A. V. Tadesse, T. and Svoboda, M. (2018), Use of remote sensing indicators to assess effects of drought and human-induced land degradation on ecosystem health in Northeastern Brazil, Remote Sensing of Environment, 213 1): 129-143.
Meteorological Organization in Khorasan Razavi province, Department of Statistics and Information (2017). [In Persian].
Mugi-Ngenga. E.W, Mucheru-Muna. M.W, Mugwe. J.N, Ngetich. F.K, Mairura. F.S and D.N. Mugendi, (2016), Household’s socio-economic factors influencing the level of adaptation to climate variability in the dry zones of Eastern Kenya, Journal of Rural Studies, 43(1): 49-60.
Mukherjee, S. Mishra, A. and Trenberth, K. E. (2018), Climate Change and Drought: a Perspective on Drought Indices, Current Climate Change Reports, 4(2): 145-163.
Ncube, B. (2018), Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Insights into indigenous knowledge strategies for coping and adapting to drought in agriculture: a Karoo scenario, South Africa-research, Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems, 17(1): 92-108.
Nyanga. A, Kessler. A and Tenge. A, (2016), Key socio-economic factors influencing sustainable land managementinvestments in the West Usambara Highlands, Tanzania, Land Use Policy, 51(1): 260-266.
Pourtaheri, M. Roknaddin Eftekhari, A. and Kazemi, N. (2013), The Role of Drought Risk Management Approach in Reducing Economic-Social Vulnerability of Rural Farmers from the Point of View of Officials and Experts (Case Study: Solduz district, West Azarbaijan), Rural Researches of Tehran, 14(1): 1-22. [In Persian].
Pricope, N. G., Husak, G., Lopez-Carr, D., Funk, C., and Michaelsen, J. (2013), the climate-population nexus in the East African Horn: Emerging degradation trends in rangeland and pastoral livelihood zones. Global Environmental Change, 23(6): 1525-1554.
Pudineh, M. R. Toulabi Nejad, M. and Hosseinjani, A. (2017), Investigating the Socioeconomic and Social Factors Influencing Adaptation of Malt owners Farmers to Climate Change in Mountainous Areas (Case Study: Malavi district), Journal of Rural Planning and Research, 6(3): 169-184. [In Persian].
Pulwarty, R. S. and Sivakumar, M. V. K. (2014), Information systems in a changing climate: Early warnings and drought risk management, Weather and Climate Extremes, 3(6): 14-21.
Rahman, M. H. and Alam, K. (2016), Forest Dependent Indigenous Communities’ Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change through Local Knowledge in the Protected Area- A Bangladesh Case Study, Climate, 4(1): 1-25.
Rezaei, R. Hosseini, S. M. and Sharifi, O. (2010), Exploration and Explication of Drought on Rural Areas in Zanjan (Case Study: Haj Arash Village), Rural Researches in Tehran, 1(3): 109-130. [In Persian].
Riahi, V. and Pashazadeh, A. (2013), Economic and Social Impact of Drought on Rural Areas of Grammy (Case Study: Azadloo district), Geographic Perspectives in Rural Studies, 8(25): 17-37. [In Persian].
Rukn al-Din Eftekhari, A. Mousavi, S. M. Pourtaheri, M. Farajzadeh Asl, M. (2014), An Analysis of the Role of Livelihoods in Rescuing Rural Households in Drought Conditions (Case Study: Areas Exposed to Drought in Isfahan Province), Rural Researches of Tehran, 5(3): 636-662. [In Persian].
Sena, A. Ebi, K. L. Freitas, C. Corvalan, C. and Barcellos, C. (2017), Indicators to measure risk of disaster associated with drought: Implications for the health sector, Journal PLOS ONE, 13(9): pp 1-16.
Shisany. S, Mafongoy. P, (2016), Adaptation to climate change and the impacts on household food security among rural farmers in uMzinyathi District of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, Food Security, 8(1): 1-12.
Statistical Center of Iran (2016), General Population and Housing Census, Population Division. [In Persian].
Tavakoli, J. Almasi, H. and Quchi, P. (2016), Investigation and Analysis of Drought Adjustment Strategies in Kermanshah Province, Rural Researches of Tehran, 7(1): 217-242. [In Persian].
Toulabi Nejad, M. Toulabi Nejad, M. and Tabatabai, S. A. (2017), Adaptation of farmers to climate change and its role in food security of rural households in Poledokhtar township, Natural environmental hazards, 6(13): 67-90. [In Persian].
Xenarios, S. Nemes, A. Sarker, G. W. and Sekhar, N. U. (2016), Assessing vulnerability to climate change: Are communities in flood-prone areas in Bangladesh more vulnerable than those in drought-prone areas are? Water Resources and Rural Development, 7(2): 1- 19.