راهکارهای مدیریت پایدار آب کشاورزی (مورد مطالعه استان همدان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر شناسایی راهکارهای مدیریت پایدار آب کشاورزی و بررسی تأثیر هر یک بر متغیر وابسته تحقیق است که با رویکرد آمیخته (کیفی-کمی) انجام شد. جامعه آماری این مطالعه را کارشناسان و متخصصان حوزه آب در سطح استان همدان به تعداد 130 نفر تشکیل می‌دادند که در مرحله کیفی تعداد 35 نمونه به شیوه هدفمند و در مرحله کمی تعداد 100 نفر با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان به شیوه تصادفی انتخاب شدند. برای بررسی و تحلیل روابط بین متغیرهای مستقل (راهکارها) و وابسته (مدیریت پایدار آب کشاورزی) از مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری بر اساس الگوریتم PLS بهره گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که 55 درصد از واریانس متغیر وابسته (مدیریت پایدار آب کشاورزی) توسط متغیرهای مستقل موردبررسی (13 راهکار شناسایی‌شده) تبیین می‌شود که از بین این راهکارها، «برنامه‌ریزی آبیاری» (به‌عنوان راهکار اصلی) با ضریب تأثیر 275/0 بیشترین اهمیت و تأثیر را دارد. آموزش‌های کاربردی و مستمر با ضریب تأثیر 269/0، بازچرخانی آب در فرآیند تولید با ضریب تأثیر 247/0، افزایش راندمان انتقال آب با ضریب تأثیر 209/0، آگاهی‌بخشی و اطلاع‌رسانی با ضریب تأثیر 197/0 و در نهایت کاهش ضایعات کشاورزی با ضریب تأثیر 172/0 به ترتیب رتبه‌های دوم تا ششم را به خود اختصاص دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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