شناسایی عوامل پیش‏ برنده و بازدارنده پذیرش طرح یکپارچه‏ سازی اراضی کشاورزی (مورد مطالعه: گندم‏ کاران شهرستان شوش)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران.

3 دانش ‏آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت کشاورزی، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شوشتر، شوشتر، ایران.

4 دانشیار، گروه ترویج و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

اجرای طرح یکپارچه‏ سازی اراضی با هدف تجمیع قطعات پراکنده کشاورزان خرده‏ مالک و به حداقل رساندن تعداد آن‌ها سابقه‏ای طولانی دارد اما پذیرش اجرای این طرح توسط جامعه کشاورزان تحت تأثیر عوامل گوناگون قرار دارد که بایستی در اجرای طرح یکپارچه ‏سازی مدنظر قرار گیرد. هدف این تحقیق شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر پذیرش طرح یکپارچه‏ سازی اراضی است تا بتوان راهکارهای مناسب جهت اجرای مطلوب این طرح را ارائه نمود. جامعه آماری این تحقیق را گندم‏کاران شهرستان شوش از توابع استان خوزستان تشکیل داد (2000=N). حجم نمونه با استفاده از جدول کرجسی- مورگان322 نفر برآورد شد که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده از بین کشاورزان مناطق روستایی شهرستان شوش انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه بود که روایی آن با استفاده از نظرات گروهی از پژوهشگران دانشگاهی و متخصصان حوزه مدیریت اراضی موردبررسی، بازبینی و اصلاح قرار گرفت. جهت برآورد تأثیر متغیرهای مختلف بر روی پذیرش طرح از الگوی لوجیت استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که متغیرهای میزان درآمد، مالکیت ماشین‏های کشاورزی، داشتن شغل غیرکشاورزی، فاصله بین قطعات، سطح تحصیلات، شرکت در کلاس‌های ترویجی و داشتن آگاهی نسبت به مزایای طرح تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌داری بر پذیرش طرح یکپارچه‏ سازی اراضی از سوی گندم‏کاران دارد و در مقابل متغیرهایی همچون میزان تجربه کشاورزان، تعداد قطعات، میزان وام دریافتی و تعداد اعضای خانوار دارای اثر منفی بر احتمال پذیرش این طرح هستند. نتایج حاصل از مدل ADOPT نشان داد که3/9 سال زمان لازم هست تا طرح یکپارچه‏ سازی در شهرستان شوش توسط 98 درصد کشاورزان موردپذیرش قرار بگیرد. در پنج سال اول شروع طرح در شهرستان شوش 2/66 درصد از کشاورزان این طرح را پذیرش خواهند نمود. لازم به ذکر است که چهار سال زمان لازم است برای اینکه 50 درصد کشاورزان موردمطالعه طرح را بپذیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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