تبیین چارچوبی جهت بسط حمایت از توسعه گردشگری روستایی بر اساس تلفیق نظریه‏ های تبادل اجتماعی و تصویر مکان (موردمطالعه نواحی تالابی استان خوزستان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، اهواز، ایران.

4 استاد، گروه مدیریت گردشگری، دانشکده کسب‌وکار، کالج چارلستون، کارولینای جنوبی، آمریکا.

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف تبیین عوامل اثرگذار بر حمایت از توسعه گردشگری در میان ساکنین روستاهای حوزه تالاب‏های استان خوزستان با تمرکز بر توسعه چارچوبی مفهومی بر پایه نظریه تبادل اجتماعی و تصویر مکان انجام شد. ابزار جمع‏آوری اطلاعات در این مطالعه پرسشنامه‏ای محقق ساخت بود که پایایی آن با استفاده از پایایی ترکیبی و همچنین محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ و روایی آن به سه شیوه صوری، سازه‏ای و تشخیصی تأیید گردید. جامعه آماری در این مطالعه، خانوارهای ساکن در ‏روستاهای حوزه چهار تالاب گردشگری استان خوزستان (شادگان، میانگران، بامدژ و هورالعظیم) بود که با استفاده از روش نمونه‏گیری طبقه‏ای نمونه‏ای به حجم 316 خانوار از میان آن‏ها انتخاب و به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‏ها از نرم‏افزارهای SPSS و AMOS بهره گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که چارچوب توسعه‌یافته‏ در این مطالعه بر مبنای نظریه تبادل اجتماعی و تصویر مکان توانسته است برازش مناسبی با داده‏ها ایجاد نموده و تعداد بیشتری از متغیرهای مؤثر بر حمایت از توسعه گردشگری در میان ساکنین روستاهای حوزه تالاب‏های استان خوزستان را شناسایی نماید. از میان متغیرهای مؤثر شناسایی‌شده در چارچوب مفهومی مذکور، متغیرهای آگاهی و تصویر مکان بر ادراک آثار اجتماعی-فرهنگی گردشگری و ادراک آثار اجتماعی - فرهنگی گردشگری، بر نگرش نسبت به توسعه گردشگری و حمایت از توسعه گردشگری در میان ساکنین روستاهای حوزه تالاب‏های استان خوزستان تالاب تأثیرگذار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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