تبیین چارچوب مفهومی-کاربری استفاده از انرژی تجدید پذیر در مناطق روستایی با محوریت منابع زیست‌توده (موردمطالعه: روستای نوآباد چهارمحال و بختیاری)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، گروه توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

چکیده

توسعه اقتصادی و افزایش تقاضا برای انرژی، استفاده از منابع انرژی بی‌خطر و تجدیدپذیر را ضروری می‌نماید. پسماند جامد روستایی به‌عنوان یکی از منابع زیست‌توده به‌طور قابل‌توجهی در ایجاد یک منبع انرژی تجدید پذیر کمک می‌نماید. بررسی‌ها نشان می‌دهد که انرژی زیست‌توده می‌تواند یکی از گزینه‌های مناسب برای جایگزینی با سوخت فسیلی باشد. چراکه افزون بر آثار مخرب کمتر بر محیط‌زیست، می‌توان آن را به‌عنوان منبع پایان‌ناپذیر انرژی محسوب نمود. هدف کلی از این پژوهش تبیین چارچوب مفهومی-کاربری استفاده از انرژی تجدید پذیر در مناطق روستایی با محوریت منابع زیست‌توده است که به‌منظور عملیاتی شدن هدف مذکور، با بررسی منابع معتبر داخلی و خارجی در زمینه موضوع تحقیق، چارچوب مفهومی طراحی و سپس با استناد به چارچوب مفهومی تحقیق، میزان انرژی قابل استحصال روستا در بخش‌های باغی، زراعی، دامی و خانگی موردمحاسبه قرار گرفت. در ادامه با توجه به محاسبات پایه انرژی در منطقه موردمطالعه، به ارائه سناریوهای کاربردی در این زمینه پرداخته شد. نتایج حاصل نشان داد که میزان کل انرژی حاصل از زیست‌توده برابر با 1/ 70857266 کیلوژول است که با تعریف سناریوهای متعدد و میزان انرژی محاسبه‌شده از بخش زیست‌توده می‌توان 17/ 17 در صد مصرف برق خانگی ،60/ 2 درصد مصرف گاز ، 58/68 درصد در تأمین انرژی موردنیاز بخش روشنایی معابر عمومی روستا، 67/54 درصد در تأمین برق پمپ آب‌رسانی روستا به اراضی منابع طبیعی با ارتفاع 131 متر، 70/3 درصد در تأمین برق آبیاری بارانی و یا 60/42 برق موردنیاز آبیاری قطره‌ای اراضی روستای موردمطالعه را تأمین نمود.

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