ارزیابی پایداری روستاهای نمونه گردشگری بر اساس مدل بارومتر پایداری و چرخه حیات (موردمطالعه: شهرستان بروجن)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

چکیده

شناخت و بررسی امکانات و تعیین سطوح پایداری روستایی، نخستین مرحله در فرآیند برنامه‌ریزی به شمار می‌رود. در این زمینه استفاده از شاخص‌های توسعه متناسب با فضای روستایی جهت رسیدن به هدف موردنظر می‌تواند موردتوجه قرار گیرد. مقاله با هدف ارزیابی پایداری در روستاهای نمونه گردشگری شهرستان بروجن و همچنین نمایش موقعیت روستاها در مراحل مختلف مدل چرخه حیات گردشگری و بررسی ارتباط بین سطح پایداری با مراحل مدل چرخه حیات صورت گرفته است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع کاربردی و با رویکرد توصیفی- تحلیلی و به روش پیمایشی انجام گرفته است. جامعه آماری ساکنین روستاهای موردمطالعه بوده که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 300 نفر به روش تصادفی به‌عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شده‌اند. روایی پرسشنامه با بهره‌مندی از پنل متخصصین مورد تأیید و پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 924/0 محاسبه گردید. داده‌ها پس از جمع‌آوری با استفاده از مدل بارومتر پایداری، مدل چرخه حیات گردشگری و آزمون کندال تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد. یافته‌های حاصل از بارومتر پایداری نشان داد که روستاهایی موردمطالعه ازلحاظ سطح پایداری متفاوت بوده و درمجموع در سطح پایداری متوسط قرار دارند و در بین ابعاد بررسی‌شده، بعد اجتماعی وضعیت پایداری بهتری دارد. همچنین نتایج حاصل از مدل چرخه حیات نیز نشان می‌دهد که روستای کتک با امتیاز (249/0) در مرحله اکتشاف و روستاهای آورگان، سیبک، گردبیشه و متویی به ترتیب با امتیازهای (443/0)، (305/0)، (287/0) و (280/0) در مرحله درگیری هستند. نتایج حاصل از آزمون کندال نیز نشان داد که بین سطوح مختلف پایداری و قرارگیری روستاها در مدل چرخه حیات همبستگی مثبت وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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