واکاوی اثرهای اقتصادی خشکیدگی درختان بلوط بر روستائیان شهرستان ملکشاهی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم جنگل، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، واکاوی اثر‌های اقتصادی خشکیدگی درختان بلوط بر روستائیان شهرستان ملکشاهی بود. نمونه آماری پژوهش تعداد 216 نفر از روستائیان بودند که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران و روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای تصادفی، موردمطالعه قرار گرفتند. ابزار اصلی گرد‌آوری داده‌ها پرسش‌نامه محقق‌ساخته و از پیش آزمون شده‌ای بود که روایی محتوایی آن با استفاده از نظر استادان گروه توسعه روستایی و علوم جنگل دانشگاه ایلام تأیید گردید. برای تعیین پایایی پرسش‌نامه از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد که مقدار آن 87/0 به دست آمد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی نشان داد که عامل‌های ضعیف شدن فعالیت‌های کشاورزی و دامپروری، پایین آمدن اشتغال، مشکلات تأمین مواد غذایی، فقر عمومی، کاهش تولیدات جانبی، کم شدن توریسم و گردشگری، پایین آمدن درآمد و کاهش فعالیت‌های زنبورداری مهم‌ترین اثر‌های اقتصادی خشکیدگی درختان بلوط بر زندگی روستائیان بودند. این عوامل 56/68 درصد از کل واریانس را تبیین نمودند. با توجه به تأثیر خشکیدگی درختان بلوط بر کاهش درآمد روستاییان، بهینه کردن بهره‌برداری از تولیدات فرعی جنگل و ایجاد اشتغال پایدار برای رونق بخشیدن به اقتصاد منطقه پیشنهاد می‌گردد.

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