بررسی تأثیر انواع فعالیت‌های‌ کارآفرینی زنان روستایی بر امنیت غذایی پایدار خانوار (موردمطالعه: شهرستان خرم‌آباد)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر انواع فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی زنان روستایی بر امنیت غذایی پایدار خانوارهای آنان در شهرستان خرم‌آباد انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری تحقیق حاضر زنان کارآفرین روستایی شهرستان خرم‌آباد بود (395=N) که با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان و با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای سه مرحله‌ای 190 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزار اصلی گردآوری داده‌های پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته بود. نتایج نشان داد که وضعیت امنیت غذایی پایدار خانوارها در شرایط مطلوبی (59/2) قرار ندارد. نتایج حاصل از آزمون کروسکال والیس نشان داد که از لحاظ امنیت غذایی پایدار، تفاوت معنی‌داری در انواع فعالیت کارآفرینی زنان روستایی در ابعاد مصرف و دستیابی وجود دارد (05/0 P <). بعلاوه نتایج حاصل از آزمون تعقیبی LSD در بعد دستیابی نشان داد که گروه صنایع‌دستی به‌صورت معنی‌داری (05/0 P <) با گروه صنایع تبدیلی و تولیدات کشاورزی تفاوت دارد و خانوارهای کارآفرین مشغول در فعالیت تولیدات کشاورزی و صنایع تبدیلی در بعد دستیابی از وضعیت بهتری نسبت به خانوارهای کارآفرین مشغول در فعالیت صنایع‌دستی برخوردارند. همچنین در بعد مصرف هم، خانوارهای کارآفرین مشغول در فعالیت صنایع تبدیلی وضعیت بهتری نسبت به گروه تولیدات کشاورزی دارند. لذا بر اساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده پیشنهادهایی از قبیل ارائه اعتبارات مالی توسط سیاست‌گذاران، متنوع سازی فعالیت‌های کارآفرینی مبتنی بر تولیدات کشاورزی و فرآوری مواد غذایی و برگزاری کارگاه‌های آموزشی برای زنان کارآفرین مشغول در فعالیت صنایع تبدیلی با هدف تأمین و نگهداری، فرآوری و بسته‌بندی، ایمنی و بهداشت مواد غذایی ارائه می‌شود.

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دوره 12، شماره 2
شهریور 1400
صفحه 274-289
  • تاریخ دریافت: 29 شهریور 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 29 اسفند 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 15 فروردین 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 22 فروردین 1400